Countries of the World:
Resources about Jamaica including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Jamaica
GDP (2009): $14 billion.
Real growth rate: -4% (2009 est.); -0.6% (2008); 1.4% (2007).
Per capita GDP (2009): $4,500.
Natural resources: Bauxite, gypsum, limestone, marble, sand,
Agriculture: Products--sugar cane, bananas, coffee, citrus
fruits, condiments and spices.
Industry: Types--tourism, bauxite and alumina, processed
foods, sugar, rum, cement, metal, chemical products, ethanol.
Trade (2008): Exports--$2.6 billion: alumina, bauxite, sugar,
bananas, chemicals, citrus fruits and products, rum, coffee.
Major markets (2005)--U.S. 37%, U.K. 15.5%, and Canada.
Imports (2008)--$8.5 billion: fuels, machinery, transportation
and electrical equipment, food, fertilizer. Major suppliers
(2000)--U.S. 40%, Trinidad and Tobago 15.7%, Venezuela 9%,
Japan 3%, China 3%, U.K. 2%, Canada 2%.
Geography of Jamaica
Area: 10,991 sq. km. (4,244 sq. mi.).
Cities: Capital--Kingston metro area and St. Andrew (pop.
650,000). Other cities--Montego Bay (96,000), Spanish Town
Terrain: Mountainous, coastal plains.
Government of Jamaica
Type: Constitutional parliamentary democracy.
Independence: August 6, 1962.
Constitution: August 6, 1962.
Branches: Executive--Governor General (representing Queen
Elizabeth II, chief of state), prime minister, cabinet.
Legislative--bicameral Parliament (21 appointed senators, 60
elected representatives). Judicial--Court of Appeal and courts
of original jurisdiction.
Subdivisions: 14 parishes, 60 electoral constituencies.
Political parties: People's National Party (PNP), Jamaica
Labour Party (JLP), National Democratic Movement (NDM).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Jamaica
This Map of Jamaica shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Kingston the capital of
Jamaica. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Jamaica
The Official Name of Jamaica is Jamaica. (Facts from the U.S.
People of Jamaica
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Jamaican(s).
Population (2009 est.): 2,825,928.
Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 0.755%.
Ethnic groups: African 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, Chinese 0.2%,
White 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%.
Religious affiliation: Anglican, Baptist and other Protestant,
Roman Catholic, Rastafarian, Muslim, Jewish.
Languages: English, Patois.
Education: Years compulsory--to age 18. Literacy (age 15 and
Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--15.22/1,000. Life
expectancy--female 75.3 yrs., male 71.83 yrs.
Work force 1.3 million (2008 est.): Industry--17.1%;
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