Countries of the World:
Resources about Kuwait including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Kuwait
GDP (official exchange rate, 2010 est.): $150 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2010 est.): 3.7%.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish.
Agriculture (about 0.3% of GDP): With the exception of fish,
most food is imported. Cultivated land--1%.
Industry (about 48.3% of GDP): Types--petroleum extraction and
refining, fertilizer, chemicals, desalination, construction
Services (about 51.4% of GDP): public administration, finance,
real estate, trade, hotels, and restaurants.
Trade (2010 est.): Exports--$63.27 billion f.o.b.: oil (93%).
Major markets--Japan 18.4%, South Korea 14.6%, India 11.5%,
U.S. 8.9%, Singapore 7.9%, China 6.1%. Imports--$21.61 billion
f.o.b.: food, construction materials, vehicles and parts,
clothing. Major suppliers--U.S. 11.9%, Japan 9.2%, Germany
8.1%, China 7.6%, Saudi Arabia 7%, Italy 4.8%, U.K. 4.2% (2008
Geography of Kuwait
Area: 17,820 sq. km. (6,880 sq. mi.); approximately the size
of the State of New Jersey.
Cities: Capital--Kuwait City.
Terrain: Almost entirely flat desert plain (highest elevation
Climate: Summers are intensely hot and dry with average highs
ranging from 42o-49oC (108o-120oF); winters are short (Dec.-
Feb.) and cool, averaging 10o-30oC (50o-80oF), with limited
Government of Kuwait
Type: Constitutional hereditary emirate.
Independence: June 19, 1961 (from U.K.).
Constitution: Approved and promulgated November 11, 1962.
Branches: Executive--Amir (head of state); prime minister
(head of government); Council of Ministers (cabinet) is
appointed by prime minister and approved by the Amir.
Legislative--unicameral National Assembly (Majlis al-'Umma)
of 50 elected members who serve 4-year terms plus all
ministers, who serve as ex officio members. Judicial--High
Court of Appeal.
Administrative subdivisions: Six governorates (muhafazat):
Al 'Asimah, Hawalli, Al Ahmadi, Al Jahra', Mubarak Al-Kebir,
and Al Farwaniyah.
Political parties: None; formal political parties have no
legal status, although de facto political blocs exist.
Elections: There are no executive branch elections; the Amir
is hereditary; prime minister and crown prince are appointed
by the Amir. National Assembly elections were last held May
16, 2009. Municipal council elections were held on June 25,
Suffrage: Adult males and since May 16, 2005, adult females
who are 21, have been citizens for 20 years, and are not in
the security forces. In June 2006, women participated as
voters and candidates in parliamentary elections for the
Map of Kuwait
This Map of Kuwait shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Kuwait City
the capital of Kuwait. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Kuwait
The Official Name of Kuwait is the State of Kuwait. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Kuwait
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Kuwaiti(s).
Population (2009 est.): 3,520,000 including approximately 1.06
million Kuwaiti citizens, 2.36 million non-Kuwaiti nationals,
and 100,000 stateless persons.
Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 3.549%.
Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%,
Iranian 4%, other 7%.
Religion: Muslim estimated 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30% among
Kuwaitis), with sizable Hindu, Christian, and Buddhist
Languages: Arabic (official), English is widely spoken.
Education: Compulsory from ages 6-14; free at all levels for
Kuwaitis, including higher education. Adult literacy (age 15
and over)--93.3% for the total population (male 94.4%, female
91%) (2005 census).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--8.97 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy (2009 est.)--76.51 yrs. male,
78.96 yrs. female.
Work force (2009 est.): 2.091 million (75% male, 25% female;
20% Kuwaiti citizens).
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