Countries of the World:
Resources about Libya including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Libya
Real GDP (2009 est.): $85.04 billion.
GDP per capita (PPP, 2009 est.): $13,400.
Real GDP growth rate (2009 est.): -0.7%.
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, gypsum.
Agriculture: Products--wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus,
vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle; approximately 75% of
Libya's food is imported.
Industry: Types--petroleum, food processing, textiles,
Trade: Exports (2009 est.)--$34.24 billion: crude oil, refined
petroleum products, natural gas, chemicals. Major markets
(2009 est.)--Italy (37.65%), Germany (10.11%), Spain (7.94%),
France (8.44%), Switzerland (5.93%), U.S. (5.27%). Imports
(2009 est.)--$22.11 billion: machinery, transport equipment,
food, manufactured goods, consumer products, semi-finished
goods. Major suppliers (2009)--Italy (18.9%), China (10.54%),
Turkey (9.92%), Germany (9.78%), Tunisia (5.25%), South Korea
Geography of Libya
Location: North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea,
between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria, southern border with
Chad, Niger, and Sudan.
Area: 1,759,540 million sq. km.
Cities: Tripoli (capital), Benghazi.
Terrain: Mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus,
Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert
Land use: Arable land--1.03%; permanent crops--0.19%; other--
Government of Libya
Official name: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab
Type: "Jamahiriya" is a term Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi coined
and which he defines as a "state of the masses" governed by
the populace through local councils. In practice, Libya is
an authoritarian state.
Independence: Libya declared independence on December 24,
Revolution Day: September 1, 1969.
Constitution: No formal document. Revolutionary edicts
establishing a government structure were issued on December
11, 1969 and amended March 2, 1977 to establish popular
congresses and people's committees that constitute the
Administrative divisions: 32 municipalities (singular--
"shabiya", plural--"shabiyat"): Butnan, Darnah, Gubba, al-
Jebal al-Akhdar, Marj, al-Jebal al-Hezam, Benghazi,
Ajdabiya, Wahat, Kufra, Surt, Al Jufrah, Misurata, Murgub,
Bani-Walid, Tarhuna and Msallata, Tripoli, Jfara, Zawiya,
Sabratha and Surman, An Nuqat al-Khams, Gharyan, Mezda,
Nalut, Ghadames, Yefren, Wadi Alhaya, Ghat, Sabha, Wadi
Shati, Murzuq, Tajura and an-Nuwaha al-Arba'a.
Political system: Political parties are banned. According to
the political theory of Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, multi-
layered popular assemblies (people's congresses) with
executive institutions (people's committees) are guided by
political cadres (revolutionary committees).
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory.
Map of Libya
This Map of Libya shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Tripoli the capital of Libya.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Libya
The Official Name of Libya is the Great Socialist People's
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Libya
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Libyan(s).
Population (July 2010 est.): 6,461,454.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.117%. Birth rate
(2010 est.)--24.58 births/1,000 population. Death rate (2010
est.)--3.45 deaths/1,000 population.
Ethnic groups: Berber and Arab 97%; other 3% (includes Greeks,
Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and
Religion: Sunni Muslim 97%, other 3%.
Languages: Arabic is the primary language. English and Italian
are understood in major cities.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--90%. Literacy (age
15 and over who can read and write)--total population 82.6%;
male 92.4%; female 72% (2003 est.).
Health (2010 est.): Infant mortality rate--20.87 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy--total population 77.47 yrs.;
male 75.18 yrs.; female 79.88 yrs.
Work force (2010 est.): 1.686 million.
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