Countries of the World:
Resources about Liechtenstein including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Liechtenstein
GDP (2009): U.S. $5.0 billion (SFr. 5.5 billion).
Annual growth rate (2008): +1.1%.
Unemployment (February 2009): 2.7%, or 484 individuals.
(Unemployment rate for the year 2008: 2.3%.)
Avg. inflation rate (2009): 0.5%.
Consumer price index: +3.4% since 2005.
Agriculture (2008): 6% of GDP; 1.5% of the total workforce.
Products--wheat, barley, corn, potatoes, livestock, dairy
Industry (2008): 39% of GDP; 42.2% of the total workforce.
Types--electronics, metal manufacturing, textiles, ceramics,
pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments.
General services (2008): 23% of GDP; 38.9% of the total
Financial services (2008): 31% of GDP; 17.4% of the total
Workforce: 67.7% of total 33,415-person workforce is filled
by foreign commuters (50.6% Swiss, 45.3% Austrians), and
32.3% by Liechtenstein citizens.
Trade (2009): Exports--$2.79 billion (SFr 3.08 billion).
Main products--small specialty machinery, dental products,
stamps, hardware, pottery. Major markets--Western Europe
(61.72%) Asia (12.49%), North America (12.07%). Imports--
$1.73 billion (SFr 1.92 billion). Main products--machinery,
metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles. Major
suppliers--EU countries, Switzerland.
Banking assets: In 2009, customer deposits were valued at
$127.2 billion (SFr. 139.9 billion; +3.5% over 1 year, -
27.0% over 2 years).
Exchange rate (November 2010): $1 U.S. = 0.9833 CHF or SFr.
Geography of Liechtenstein
Area: 61.7 sq. miles. (160 sq km.); about the size of
Terrain: 66% mountains, the remainder hills and plateau
situated next to the Rhine.
Climate: Cold winters, hot summers; due to the south wind
(Fohn), the climate can be described as temperate varying by
Government of Liechtenstein
Type: Hereditary constitutional monarchy.
Independence: January 23, 1719 Imperial Principality of
Liechtenstein established; July 12, 1806 established
independence from the Holy Roman Empire.
Constitution: October 5, 1921.
Branches: Executive--Chief of state: Prince Hans Adam II
(assumed executive powers on August 26, 1984, acceded to the
throne on November 13, 1989); the Hereditary Prince Alois,
son of the monarch, was born on June 11, 1968. Alois was
appointed the permanent representative of the Prince on
August 15, 2004. Head of government: Klaus Tschutscher
(since March 25, 2009). Cabinet: Five cabinet members. The
cabinet is elected by the parliament, and approved by the
Prince. Legislative--unicameral parliament or Landtag (25
seats; members are elected by direct popular vote under
proportional representation to serve 4-year terms).
Judicial--District Court (low), Superior Court (medium),
Supreme Court (high).
Administrative subdivisions: The country is subdivided into
Political parties: Patriotic Union (VU), Progressive
Citizens' Party (FBP), and the Free List (FL).
Currency: Swiss Franc.
National holiday: Assumption Day, August 15.
Map of Liechtenstein
This Map of Liechtenstein shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Vaduz the capital of
Liechtenstein. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Liechtenstein
The Official Name of Liechtenstein is the Principality of
Liechtenstein. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Liechtenstein
Nationality: Noun--Liechtensteiner(s), adjective--
Population (2009): 35,904, of which 67% are Liechtensteiners,
10.1% are Swiss, 5.7% Austrians, 3.4% Germans, 3.3% Italians,
and 9.9% others.
Annual population growth rate: 0.9% (or 233 persons).
Religions (2000): Roman Catholic 78.4%, Protestant 8.3%,
Languages: German (official), Alemannic dialect.
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