Countries of the World:
Resources about Lithuania including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Lithuania
GDP (2009): $32.8 billion.
Annual growth rate (2009): -14.8%.
Annual inflation rate (May 2010): 1.4%.
Unemployment rate (2010, first quarter): 18.1%.
Average monthly earnings (2010, first quarter): $725.
Natural resources: Limestone, clay, sand, gravel, iron ore,
Major sectors of the economy (2009, third quarter): wholesale
and retail trade, transport, and communications 33%,
Trade: Exports--$13.7 billion (January-October 2009): mineral
products 21.6%, machinery and mechanical appliances 9.8%,
chemicals 9.3%, vehicles and transport equipment 9.8%. Major
export partners--EU 64.3%, CIS 22.9%. Imports--$15.5 billion
(January-October 2009): mineral products 29.7%, machinery and
equipment 12.6%, transportation equipment 6.4%. Major import
partners--EU 58.5%, CIS 33.5%.
Geography of Lithuania
Area: 65,200 sq. km. (26,080 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Cities (2008): Capital--Vilnius (pop. 542,809); other cities--
Kaunas (358,107); Klaipeda (185,899); Siauliai (128,396).
Terrain: Lithuania's fertile, central lowland plains are
separated by hilly uplands. A total of 758 rivers, many
navigable, and 2,833 lakes cover the landscape. The coastline
is 90 km. (56 mi.) long. Land use--44.2% arable land, 0.91%
cultivated, 53.87% other.
Climate: With four distinct seasons, the climate is humid
continental, with a moderating maritime influence from the
Baltic Sea. January temperatures average -5ºC (23ºF); July,
17ºC (63ºF). The level of precipitation varies considerably
from region to region: in the far west, average annual
precipitation is 28-33 in., while in the central plain it is
about 24 in.
Government of Lithuania
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: On October 25, 1992, Lithuanians ratified a
new constitution, which was officially signed on November 6
Branches: Executive--President (chief of state), popularly
elected every 5 years; Prime Minister (head of government);
Legislative--Seimas (141-member Parliament). Judicial--
Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, and Highest
Administrative regions: 10 counties and 60 municipalities.
Principal political parties/coalitions: Four-party governing
coalition has 70 members (including the Speaker).
Conservatives--45 seats; National Revival Party faction--7
seats; Liberal Movement--11 seats; Liberal and Center Union
faction--7 seats. Opposition has 59 members: Social Democrat
faction--25 seats; Order and Justice Party faction--18 seats
(including 3 Polish Electoral Action Party MPs); Labor
Party--10 seats; non-affiliated faction--5 seats (including
3 Peasants Party MPs, 1 Social Liberal MP, and 1
independent). The Christian Party (formerly known as
Lithuania United) faction claims to be independent and has
Suffrage: Universal adult (18 years of age).
General government budget (2010): $10.9 billion.
Map of Lithuania
This Map of Lithuania shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Vilnius the capital of
Lithuania. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Lithuania
The Official Name of Lithuania is the Republic of Lithuania.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Lithuania
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Lithuanian(s).
Population (2009): 3,331,194.
Annual population growth rate (2008): -0.6%. Birth rate--
10.5/1,000. Death rate--13.1/1,000.
Population density (2007): 51.8 per sq. km.
Ethnic groups (2007): Lithuanians 84.6%, Poles 6.3%, Russians
Religions (2001 census): Roman Catholic (79%), Russian
Orthodox (4.1%), Protestant (including Lutheran and
Evangelical Christian Baptist) (1.9%).
Languages (2008): Lithuanian (official language) 84.6%,
Russian, and Polish
Education: Years compulsory--10 (until the age of 16).
Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--6.9/1,000. Life
expectancy--66.3 yrs. male, 77.57 yrs. female.
Work force (2008): 1.59 million. Services 61.3%; industry
30.3%; agriculture 8.4%.
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