Countries of the World:
Resources about Luxembourg including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Luxembourg
GDP (2008): €36.7 billion ($54 billion).
Currency: euro (€). Exchange rate (September 2010): €1 = U.S.
Annual growth rate (2009): -4.1% (down from 6.5% in 2007).
Per capita income (2009, purchasing power parity): $74,430.
Inflation rate (2010): 2.5%.
Natural resources: Iron ore, timber.
Agriculture (2008: 0.4% of GDP): Dairy, wine, forestry, animal
feed crops. Arable land--24%; forested land--21%.
Services (2008: 83.3% of GDP): Banking and financial services
Industry (2008: 8.6% of GDP): Steel, chemicals.
Trade (2008): Exports--$15 billion: steel and other metallic
products, chemicals, processed wood products, machinery and
other manufactured equipment. Major markets--other European
Union countries (esp. Germany, France, and Belgium). Imports--
$24.22 billion: Machinery and other manufactured equipment,
raw materials, chemicals, food products. Major suppliers--
other European Union countries (esp. Belgium, Germany, and
Geography of Luxembourg
Area: 2,586 sq. km. (999 sq. mi.; about the size of Rhode
Cities: Capital--Luxembourg City (pop. 91,000). Other cities--
Esch-sur-Alzette (pop. 30,000), Differdange (pop. 22,000),
Dudelange (pop. 19,000). (2010 figures from National
Statistical Institute of Luxembourg--STATEC)
Terrain: Continuation of Belgian Ardennes in the north,
heavily forested and slightly mountainous; extension of French
Lorraine plateau in the south, with open, rolling countryside.
Climate: Modified continental, rainy, with mild summers and
moderate snowfall in winter.
Government of Luxembourg
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Branches: Executive--Grand Duke (head of state, ceremonial),
Prime Minister (head of government). Legislative--unicameral
parliament (Chamber of Deputies with Council of State serving
as a consultative body). Judicial--Superior Court.
Political parties in parliament: Christian Social Union (CSV),
Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP), Democratic Party (DP), Green
Party, Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR).
Suffrage: Universal over age of 18.
Government budget (2009): €9.265 billion ($12.91 billion).
Map of Luxembourg
This Map of Luxembourg shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Luxembourg City the
capital of Luxembourg. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Luxembourg
The Official Name of Luxembourg is the Grand Duchy of
Luxembourg. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Luxembourg
Nationality: Noun--Luxembourger(s). Adjective--
Population (2010): 502,066.
Annual growth rate (2009): 2%.
Ethnic groups: Celtic base with French and German blend;
significant communities of ethnic Portuguese, Italians,
French, Belgians, and Germans.
Religion: Historically and predominantly Roman Catholic.
However, Luxembourgian law forbids the collection of data on
Official languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German;
English is widely spoken.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--100%. Literacy--
Health: Life expectancy (2010)--Avg. 79.03 years; males 77.6
years; females 82.7 years. Infant mortality rate (2010)--
Labor force (2008): 348,700, of which 146,300 commuted from
neighboring countries. European Union institutions employ
nearly 10,000. Financial--28%, trade--26%, industry--11%,
construction--11%, agriculture--1.5%, other (including
government, education, and healthcare)--22%.
Unemployment rate (2009): 6.1%, up from 4.5% in 2006.
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