Countries of the World:
Resources about Madagascar including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Madagascar
GDP (U.S.$, 2008 est., official exchange rate): $9.729
GDP per capita (2008 est., purchasing power parity): $1,000.
Unemployment: no reliable data available.
Natural resources: Graphite, chrome, coal, bauxite, ilmenite,
nickel, gold, oil, tar sands, precious and semiprecious
stones, and hardwoods.
Agriculture (26% of GDP, 2008 est.): Products--rice,
livestock, seafood, coffee, vanilla, sugar, cloves, cotton,
sisal, peanuts, and tobacco.
Industry (15.9% of GDP, 2008 est.): Types--processed food,
clothing, textiles, mining, paper, refined petroleum products,
glassware, construction, soap, cement, tanning.
Trade: Exports (2007, f.o.b.) $989 million: apparel, shrimp,
vanilla, coffee, cloves, graphite, essential oils, industrial
minerals and gemstones. Major export markets--France, U.S.,
Germany, Italy, U.K. Imports (2007, f.o.b.) $1.933 billion:
foodstuffs, fuel and energy, capital goods, vehicles, consumer
goods and electronics. Major suppliers--France, China, Iran,
Mauritius, Hong Kong.
Geography of Madagascar
Area: 592,800 sq. km. (228,880 sq. mi.).
Cities: Capital--Antananarivo (pop. about 1,300,000). Other
cities--Antsirabe (about 500,000), Mahajanga (about 400,000),
Toamasina (about 450,000).
Terrain: Mountainous central plateau, coastal plain.
Climate: Moderate interior, tropical coasts.
Government of Madagascar
Independence: June 26, 1960.
Constitution: Entered into force in March 1998.
Branches: Executive--president, prime minister, cabinet.
Judicial--Supreme Court, High Court of Justice, Constitutional
High Court. Legislative--National Assembly and Senate.
NOTE: On March 17, 2009, democratically elected President Marc
Ravalomanana stepped down and purported to transfer his
authority to a senior military figure, who in turn purported
to confer the presidency on opposition leader Andry Rajoelina,
who is currently heading the High Transitional Authority
(HAT). The United States characterized the transfer of power
as tantamount to a military coup d’état and does not recognize
the HAT. References to de-facto government officials in this
text are factual only and do not reflect U.S. recognition of
the HAT regime.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
National holiday: June 26.
Map of Madagascar
This Map of Madagascar shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Antananarivo the capital
of Madagascar. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Madagascar
The Official Name of Madagascar is the Republic of Madagascar.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Madagascar
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Malagasy.
Population (2009 estimate): 20,653,556.
Annual population growth rate (2009 estimate): 3%.
Ethnic groups: 18 Malagasy tribes; small groups of Comorans,
French, Indians, and Chinese.
Religions: Traditional beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%.
Languages: Malagasy (official), French (official), English
Education: Years compulsory--5. Attendance--65%. Literacy--
Health: Infant mortality rate--54.2/1,000. Life expectancy--
Work force (2000): 7.3 million. Agriculture--80%; industry--
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