Countries of the World:
Resources about Malawi including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Malawi
GDP (2008 est.): $2.92 billion.
Annual real GDP growth rate (2008): 9.7%.
Per capita GNI (2008 est.): Approx. $289.
Avg. inflation rate (2008): 8.7%.
Natural resources: Limestone, uranium, coal, bauxite,
phosphates, graphite, granite, black granite, vermilite,
aquamarine, tourmaline, rubies, sapphires, rare earths.
Agriculture (approx. 34.7% of GDP): Products--tobacco,
sugar, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca),
sorghum, coffee, rice, groundnuts. Arable land--34%, of
which 86% is cultivated.
Industry (19.4% of GDP): Types--tea, tobacco, sugar, sawmill
products, cement, consumer goods.
Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$995.6 million: tobacco, tea,
sugar, coffee, peanuts, wood products. Partners--U.S., U.K.,
South Africa, Germany, Japan. Imports--$1.654 billion: food,
petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods,
transportation equipment. Partners--South Africa, Zimbabwe,
Japan, U.S., U.K., Germany.
Fiscal year: July 1-June 30.
Geography of Malawi
Area: 118,484 sq. km. (45,747 sq. mi.); land the size of
Pennsylvania, with a lake the size of Vermont.
Cities: Capital--Lilongwe. Other cities--Blantyre (the
commercial capital), Zomba, Mzuzu.
Terrain: Plateaus, highlands, and valleys. Lake Malawi
(formerly referred to as Lake Nyasa) comprises about 20% of
Climate: Predominately subtropical.
Government of Malawi
Type: Multi-party democracy.
Independence: July 6, 1964.
Constitution: May 18, 1995.
Branches: Executive--president (the president is both chief
of state and head of government), first and second vice
presidents, cabinet. Legislative--unicameral National
Assembly (193 members). Although the Malawian constitution
provides for a Senate, in practice the legislative branch's
upper house has never been called into session. Judicial--
High Court, Supreme Court of Appeal, subordinate Magistrate
Administrative subdivisions: 28 districts.
Political parties: Democratic Progressive Party (DPP, ruling
party), United Democratic Front (UDF), Malawi Congress Party
(MCP), Alliance for Democracy (AFORD), Malawi Forum for
Development (MAFUNDE), Maravi People’s Party (MPP), New
Rainbow Coalition (NARC), New Republican Party (NRP),
People's Progressive Movement (PPM), People's Transformation
Party (PETRA), Republican Party (RP), and Congress for
National Unity (CONU). MCP and UDF are the two main
opposition parties in parliament.
Suffrage: Universal at 18 years of age.
Central government budget (2008/2009): $1.6 billion (MK
Map of Malawi
This Map of Malawi shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Lilongwe the capital of
Malawi. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Malawi
The Official Name of Malawi is the Republic of Malawi. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Malawi
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Malawian(s).
Population (2008 est.): 13,066,320 (preliminary results from
the 2008 Malawi population and housing census).
Annual growth rate (2008): 2.8%.
Ethnic groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena,
Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European.
Religions: Protestant 55%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 20%,
indigenous beliefs 3%, other 2%.
Languages: English (official), Chichewa (official), regional
dialects, i.e., Chitumbuka, Chiyao, Chilomwe.
Education: Years compulsory--none. Enrollment (2006)--primary,
86%. Literacy (2004 est., age 15 and older)--69%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2006)--72 deaths/1,000 live
births. Life expectancy (at birth, 2005 est.)--40 yrs.
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