Countries of the World:
Resources about Mali including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Mali
GDP (2008 est.): $8.8 billion.
Avg. annual growth rate (2006 est.): 5.1%.
Per capita income (2006 est.): $470.
Annual skilled worker's salary: $1,560.
Avg. inflation rate (2007): 1.4%.
Natural resources: Gold, phosphate, kaolin, salt, and
limestone currently mined; deposits of oil, bauxite, iron
ore, manganese, lithium, and uranium are known or suspected.
Agriculture, livestock, and fishery (32.9% of GDP):
Products--millet, sorghum, corn, rice, livestock, sugar,
cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), and tobacco.
Industry (21.3% of GDP): Types--food processing, textiles,
cigarettes, fish processing, metalworking, light
manufacturing, plastics, and beverage bottling.
Services (45.8% of GDP): Telecommunications, construction.
Trade (2004): Exports--$1.078 billion: cotton and cotton
products, animals, fish, tannery products, groundnuts,
diamonds, and gold. Major markets--France, Switzerland,
Italy, Thailand, Cote d'Ivoire, and Algeria. Imports--$1.084
billion: food, machinery and spare parts, vehicles,
petroleum products, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, textiles.
Major suppliers--France, Cote d'Ivoire, Senegal, China, U.S.
($43 million), Germany, and Japan.
Geography of Mali
Area: 1,240,278 sq. km. (474,764 sq. mi.); about the size of
Texas and California combined.
Cities: Capital--Bamako (pop. 1,728,444). Other cities--Segou
(200,000), Sikasso (192,000), Mopti (103,428), Gao (65,000),
Kayes (65,000), Timbuktu (38,000).
Terrain: Savannah and desert.
Climate: Semitropical in the south; arid in the north.
Government of Mali
Independence: September 22, 1960.
Constitution: Approved by referendum January 12, 1992.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and commander
in chief of the armed forces), prime minister (head of
government). Legislative--National Assembly is the sole
legislative arm of the government; currently consisting of 147
members. Judicial--Supreme Court with both judicial and
Political parties: Mali is a multiparty democracy. Fifteen
political parties are represented in the National Assembly;
others are active in local government.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Administrative subdivisions: Eight regions and capital
Central government budget (2007): Revenues--$1.770 billion;
expenditures--$1.947 billion; $177 million deficit.
Map of Mali
This Map of Mali shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Bamako the capital of Mali. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Mali
The Official Name of Mali is the Republic of Mali. (Facts from
the U.S. State Department)
People of Mali
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Malian(s).
Population (2008 est.): 12.7 million.
Annual population growth rate: 2.4%.
Ethnic groups: Manding (Bambara or Bamana, Malinke) 52%,
Fulani 11%, Saracolé 7%, Mianka 4%, Songhai 7%, Tuareg and
Maur 5%, other 14%.
Religions: Islam 90%, indigenous 6%, Christian 4%.
Languages: French (official) and Bambara (spoken by about 80%
of the population).
Education: Attendance--64.3% (primary). Literacy--31%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--121/1,000. Life expectancy--54
Work force (4 million): Agriculture--70%; services--15%;
industry and commerce--15%.
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