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Countries of the World: Mali
Resources about Mali including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Mali GDP (2008 est.): $8.8 billion. Avg. annual growth rate (2006 est.): 5.1%. Per capita income (2006 est.): $470. Annual skilled worker's salary: $1,560. Avg. inflation rate (2007): 1.4%. Natural resources: Gold, phosphate, kaolin, salt, and limestone currently mined; deposits of oil, bauxite, iron ore, manganese, lithium, and uranium are known or suspected. Agriculture, livestock, and fishery (32.9% of GDP): Products--millet, sorghum, corn, rice, livestock, sugar, cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), and tobacco. Industry (21.3% of GDP): Types--food processing, textiles, cigarettes, fish processing, metalworking, light manufacturing, plastics, and beverage bottling. Services (45.8% of GDP): Telecommunications, construction. Trade (2004): Exports--$1.078 billion: cotton and cotton products, animals, fish, tannery products, groundnuts, diamonds, and gold. Major markets--France, Switzerland, Italy, Thailand, Cote d'Ivoire, and Algeria. Imports--$1.084 billion: food, machinery and spare parts, vehicles, petroleum products, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, textiles. Major suppliers--France, Cote d'Ivoire, Senegal, China, U.S. ($43 million), Germany, and Japan.

Geography of Mali Area: 1,240,278 sq. km. (474,764 sq. mi.); about the size of Texas and California combined. Cities: Capital--Bamako (pop. 1,728,444). Other cities--Segou (200,000), Sikasso (192,000), Mopti (103,428), Gao (65,000), Kayes (65,000), Timbuktu (38,000). Terrain: Savannah and desert. Climate: Semitropical in the south; arid in the north.

Government of Mali Type: Republic. Independence: September 22, 1960. Constitution: Approved by referendum January 12, 1992. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and commander in chief of the armed forces), prime minister (head of government). Legislative--National Assembly is the sole legislative arm of the government; currently consisting of 147 members. Judicial--Supreme Court with both judicial and administrative powers. Political parties: Mali is a multiparty democracy. Fifteen political parties are represented in the National Assembly; others are active in local government. Suffrage: Universal at 18. Administrative subdivisions: Eight regions and capital district. Central government budget (2007): Revenues--$1.770 billion; expenditures--$1.947 billion; $177 million deficit.

Map of Mali This Map of Mali shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Bamako the capital of Mali. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Mali The Official Name of Mali is the Republic of Mali. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Mali Nationality: Noun and adjective--Malian(s). Population (2008 est.): 12.7 million. Annual population growth rate: 2.4%. Ethnic groups: Manding (Bambara or Bamana, Malinke) 52%, Fulani 11%, Saracolé 7%, Mianka 4%, Songhai 7%, Tuareg and Maur 5%, other 14%. Religions: Islam 90%, indigenous 6%, Christian 4%. Languages: French (official) and Bambara (spoken by about 80% of the population). Education: Attendance--64.3% (primary). Literacy--31%. Health: Infant mortality rate--121/1,000. Life expectancy--54 yrs. Work force (4 million): Agriculture--70%; services--15%; industry and commerce--15%.

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