Countries of the World:
Resources about Marshall Islands including maps, facts about the
land, people, history, government, political conditions, and
Economy of Marshall Islands
GDP (current market prices, 2008 est.): $161.7 million.
Natural resources: Marine resources, including mariculture and
possible deep seabed minerals.
Agriculture: Products--copra (dried coconut meat); taro and
breadfruit are subsistence crops.
Industry: Types--copra processing, fish processing, tourism,
pearl farming, handicrafts.
Trade: Major trading partners--U.S., Japan, Australia, China,
Hong Kong, New Zealand, Taiwan.
Official currency: U.S. dollar.
Geography of Marshall Islands
Area: 181 sq. km. (about 70 sq. mi.) of land area scattered
over 750,000 sq. mi. of the Western Pacific.
Cities: Capital--Majuro (pop. 30,000 in 2008). Other towns--
Ebeye (12,000), Jaluit (1,700).
Terrain: 29 low-lying coral atolls and five single islands.
Climate: Tropical with a wet season from May to November.
Government of Marshall Islands
Type: Parliamentary democracy in free association with the
U.S. A Compact of Free Association entered into force in 1986
and an Amended Compact entered into force May 1, 2004.
Independence: October 21, 1986 from the U.S.-administered UN
Constitution: May 1, 1979.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), cabinet.
Legislative--unicameral parliament (Nitijela) and consultative
Council of Iroij (traditional leaders). Judicial--Supreme
Court, high court, district and community courts, traditional
Political parties: United Democratic Party, United People's
Party, Aelon Kein Ad (Our Islands) Party.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.
Administrative subdivisions: 24 local governments.
Map of Marshall Islands
This Map of Marshall Islands shows the borders of the country,
as well as rivers, and cities including Majuro the capital of
Marshall Islands. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Marshall Islands
The Official Name of Marshall Islands is the Republic of the
Marshall Islands. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Marshall Islands
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Marshallese.
Population (2009 estimate by RMI Government health
ministry): 61,300. (Figures do not include Marshallese in
the U.S., who are located primarily in Hawaii, Oregon,
California, and Arkansas).
Annual growth rate (2008): 2.14% (due to high annual
emigration); RMI Government health ministry reported 2008
birth rate of 4.54%.
Ethnic groups: 90% Marshallese, 10% estimated U.S.,
Filipino, Chinese, New Zealander, Australian, other
Micronesian (FSM), Kiribati, Korean, and Fijian.
Religions: Christian, mostly Protestant.
Languages: Two major Marshallese dialects from Malayo-
Polynesian family; English.
Education: Literacy (2002)--98% (officially based on
question, "Do you read the bible?").
Health: Infant mortality rate--(2006) 3.0% Majuro and Ebeye,
9.4% on outer atolls. Life expectancy--men 65.7 yrs.; women
Work force (2006) 25,706 of working age: 39% employed, 61%
unemployed or inactive. National and local government and
government enterprises--45.9%; private enterprise and non-
profits--41%; USAKA and foreign embassies--13%.
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