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Resources about Montenegro including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Montenegro
GDP (2009): $3.77 billion (€3 billion, at July 2010 exchange
Real GDP growth rate (2009 est.): -7%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $5,655 (€4,500, at July 2010 exchange
Inflation rate (2008): 8.4%.
Natural resources: Bauxite, hydropower, timber.
Tourism: 21% of GDP.
Industry: 13.8% of GDP.
Agriculture: 8.4% of GDP.
Services: 49.6% of GDP.
Trade (2008): Exports--$728.2 million (€565.6 million).
Major markets--Italy ($196.1 million; €133.3 million),
Serbia ($168.4 million; €114.5 million), Greece ($80.7
million; €54.9 million) Slovenia ($57.1 million, €38.8
million); Kosovo ($55.6 million; €37.8 million). Imports--
$2.865 billion (€1.948 billion). Major suppliers--Serbia
($1.119 billion; €761.3 million), Italy ($216.5 million;
€147.2 million), Bosnia and Herzegovina ($207.1 million,
€140.8 million); Croatia ($201.2 million, €136.8 million),
Slovenia ($195.8 million, €133.2 million).
Geography of Montenegro
Area: Montenegro (13,938 sq. km.) is slightly smaller than
Cities: Capital--Podgorica. Other cities--Bar, Berane, Bijelo
Polje, Budva, Cetinje, Herceg Novi, Kotor, Niksic, Pljevlja,
Terrain: Varied; mountainous regions with thick forests;
central plains; southwestern Adriatic coast with high
shoreline with very few islands off the coast.
Climate: Generally continental; Mediterranean along the coast.
Government of Montenegro
Constitution: Adopted October 19, 2007, and proclaimed
October 22, 2007.
Independence: June 3, 2006 (declared by parliament after
referendum in favor of independence from state union of
Serbia and Montenegro).
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state); prime
minister (head of government). Legislative--Montenegrin
parliament. Judicial--Constitutional Court and Supreme
Political parties (in alphabetical order): Albanian
Alternative (AA), Albanian Coalition “Perspective”, Bosniak
Democratic Party, Bosniak Party (BS), Croatian Civic
Initiative (HGI), Democratic Center, Democratic League in
Montenegro (DSCG), Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS),
Democratic Party of Unity, Democratic Serbian Party (DSS),
Democratic Union of Albanians (DUA), Democratic Union of
Muslims-Bosniaks, FORCA, Green Party of Montenegro, Homeland
Serbian Party, Liberal Party (LP), Montenegrin Communists,
Movement for Change (PZP), New Serbian Democracy (NOVA),
Party of Democratic Prosperity, Party of Pensioners and
Invalids of Montenegro, Party of Serbian Radicals (SSR),
Party of Serbian Unity (SSJ), People’s Party of Montenegro
(NS), People's Socialist Party (NSS), Serbian National List,
Social Democratic Party (SDP), and Socialist People’s Party
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Administrative divisions (21 municipalities): Andrijevica,
Bar, Berane, Bijelo Polje, Budva, Cetinje, Danilovgrad,
Herceg Novi, Kolasin, Kotor, Mojkovac, Niksic, Plav,
Pljevlja, Pluzine, Podgorica, Rozaje, Savnik, Tivat, Ulcinj,
Map of Montenegro
This Map of Montenegro shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Podgorica the capital of
Montenegro. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Montenegro
The Official Name of Montenegro is Montenegro. (Facts from the
U.S. State Department)
People of Montenegro
Nationality: Noun--Montenegrin(s); adjective--Montenegrin.
Population (2003 Republic census): 630,548.
Population growth rate (EU 2008 Progress Report): 3.0%.
Ethnic groups (2003 census): Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 32%,
Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, Muslim 5%, other (Croatian, Roma) 7%.
Religions (2003 census): Orthodox 74%, Muslim 18%, Roman
Catholic 4%, other 4%.
Languages (2003 census): Serbian 64%, Montenegrin 22%,
Albanian 5.3%, Bosnian 5.5%, Croatian 0.4%, Roma 0.4%,
unspecified 2.4%. The October 2007 constitution established
Montenegrin as the official language, and decreed that
Serbian, Bosniak, Albanian, and Croatian also may be used
Health (2008 EU Progress Report): Infant mortality rate--7.5
deaths/1,000 (2008 data). Life expectancy--male 71.2 yrs.,
female 76.1 yrs. (2008 data).
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