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Resources about Nauru including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and
Economy of Nauru
GDP (2008): $23.7 million.
Per capita GDP (2008 est.): $2,158.
Avg. inflation rate (2009 est.): 2.2%.
Industry: Types--phosphate mining.
Trade: Exports (2005)--$3.8 million; phosphates. Major export
markets--United States, Japan, Australia, New Zealand. Imports
(2005)--$25.7 million; food, fuel, manufactures. Major import
sources--Australia, Republic of Korea, United States, New
Currency: Australian dollar (A$).
Geography of Nauru
Area: 21 sq. km.
Cities: Capital--no official capital; government offices in
Terrain: Rough beach rises to a fertile but narrow ring around
a raised, prehistoric coral reef plateau, studded with coral
pinnacles exposed by phosphate mining.
Climate: Equatorial; monsoonal; rainy season (November to
February); unreliable rainfall and prone to El Nino-linked
Government of Nauru
Independence: January 31, 1968.
Branches: Executive--president and cabinet. Legislative--
unicameral Parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court, District
Court, and Family Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 14 districts.
Political party: Naoero Amo (Nauru First) Party.
Central government budget (2006-2007): $18.9 million.
Suffrage: Universal at age 20.
Map of Nauru
This Map of Nauru shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Nauru
The Official Name of Nauru is the Republic of Nauru. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Nauru
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Nauruan(s).
Population (2010 est.): 9,976.
Age structure (2010 est.): 35.6% under 15; 2.7% over 60.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.1%.
Ethnic groups: Nauruan 93%, Chinese 5%, other Pacific Islander
1%, European 1%.
Religions: Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman
Languages: Nauruan, English.
Education (2004): Literacy--97%.
Health (2006): Life expectancy women 57.1 yrs.; men 55.2 yrs.
Infant mortality rate--45.8/1,000.
Work force (2006): Labor force participation rate was 78.7%;
2,081 were wage earners and 0.8% were subsistence workers.
Unemployment (2006): 1,588.
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