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Resources about Netherlands Antilles including maps, facts about
the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and
Economy of Netherlands Antilles
GDP (2009 est.): $4.04 billion.
Real growth rate (2009 est.): 0.7%.
GDP per capita (2007 est.): $19,000.
Natural resources: Beaches and offshore diving sites.
Tourism/services (84% of GDP): Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire.
Industry (15% of GDP): Types--petroleum refining (Curaçao),
petroleum transshipment facilities (Curaçao and Bonaire),
light manufacturing (Curaçao).
Agriculture (1% of GDP): Products--aloes, sorghum, peanuts,
vegetables, tropical fruit.
Trade: Exports ($3.71 billion)--petroleum products. Major
markets--U.S. 18.9%, Mexico 13.3%, Panama 11.4%, Singapore
6.9%, Haiti 6.6%, The Bahamas 5.3%. Imports ($15.74 billion)--
machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil (for refining
and re-export), chemicals, foodstuffs. Major suppliers--
Venezuela 59.1%, U.S. 17.7%, Brazil 7.1%.
Exchange rate (2005): U.S.$1=1.78 ANG (fixed).
Geography of Netherlands Antilles
Area: 960 sq. km. (597 sq. mi.); more than five times the size
of Washington, DC; five islands divided geographically into
the Windward Islands (northern) group (Saba, Sint Eustatius,
and Sint Maarten) and the Leeward Islands (southern) group
(Bonaire and Curaçao).
Cities: Capital--Willemstad (metropolitan).
Islands: Curaçao (pop. 141,766) Sint Maarten (40,917), Bonaire
(12,877), Sint Eustatius (2,768), Saba (1,601).
Terrain: Generally hilly, volcanic interiors.
Climate: Tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds.
Government of Netherlands Antilles
Independence: Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Constitution: December 1954, Statute of the Realm of the
Netherlands, as amended.
Branches: Executive--monarch represented by a governor-
general (chief of state), prime minister (head of
government), Cabinet. Legislative--unicameral parliament.
Judicial--Joint High Court of Justice appointed by the
Subdivisions are by island: Saba, Sint Eustatius, Sint
Maarten, Bonaire, Curaçao.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Bonaire: Democratic Alliance of Bonaire or PDB; Patriotic
Union of Bonaire or UPB; Lista di Kambio.
Curacao: Democratic Party of Curacao or DP; Lista di Kambio
(combined list of MAN, Forsa Korsou and Niun Paso Atras);
Party for the Restructured Antilles or PAR; People's
National Party or PNP; Pueblo Soberano or Sovereign Party;
Workers' Liberation Front or FOL; Movement for Solution for
Isla or MSI; Party for Emancipation or PPE.
Saba: Saba Labor Party; Windward Islands People's Movement
Sint Eustatius: Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius or DP-St.
E; Progressive Labor Party.
Sint Maarten: Democratic Party of Sint Maarten or DP-St. M;
National Alliance or NA; People's Progressive Alliance or
Note--political parties are indigenous to each island.
Map of Netherlands Antilles
This Map of Netherlands Antilles shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Willemstad the capital of Netherlands Antilles. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Netherlands Antilles
The Official Name of Netherlands Antilles is Netherlands
Antilles. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Netherlands Antilles
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Dutch.
Population (2009): 199,929.
Annual population growth rate (2009): 0.73%.
Ethnic groups: Mixed black 85%, other 15% (mixed Latin
American, white, East Asian).
Religions: Roman Catholic (72%), Pentecostal (4.9%),
Protestant (3.5%), Seventh-Day Adventist (3.1%), Jehovah’s
Witness (1.7%), other Christian (4.2%), Jewish (1.3%), other
(1.2%), none (5.2%).
Languages: Dutch (official), Papiamento predominates, English
is widely spoken, Spanish.
Education: Literacy--96.7% Curaçao; 96.3% Netherlands Antilles
Health: Infant mortality rate--6.1 deaths/1,000 live births;
62.6 live births per 1,000 women 15 to 44 years old. Life
expectancy--female, 79.9 yrs.; male, 72.8 yrs.
Work force (95,000; 2009): Agriculture--1%; industry--15%;
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