Countries of the World:
Resources about Nicaragua including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Nicaragua
GDP (2009): $6.2 billion.
GDP real growth rate (2009): -1.5%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $1,071.
Components of GDP (2009): Manufacturing--17.7% of GDP;
agriculture, cattle, forestry and fishing--16.8% of GDP;
retail, hotels, and restaurants--14.2% of GDP; government--
12.6% of GDP; real estate--7.5% of GDP; personal services--
6.6% of GDP; telecommunications and transportation--5.5% of
GDP; financial services--5.1% of GDP; construction--4.7% of
GDP; utilities--2.6% of GDP; mining--1.1% of GDP.
Inflation rate (2009): 0.93%.
Natural resources: arable land, fresh water, fisheries,
gold, timber, hydro and geothermal power potential.
Trade (2009): National exports--$2.363 billion (f.o.b.):
coffee, shrimp and lobster, beef, sugar, industrial goods,
gold, bananas. Free trade zone exports--$972.2 million:
mostly textiles and apparel, automobile wiring harnesses,
cigars. Markets--United States, Central American Common
Market, European Union (EU), Mexico, Japan. Imports--$3.47
billion (2009), primarily consumer goods, machinery and
equipment, raw materials, and petroleum products. Free trade
zone imports--$830.6 million. Suppliers--United States,
Mexico, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Guatemala, El Salvador.
Geography of Nicaragua
Area: 129,494 sq. km. (59,998 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
New York State.
Cities: Capital--Managua (pop. 1.6 million). Other major
cities--Bluefields, Chinandega, Granada, Jinotega, Leon,
Masaya, Matagalpa, and Rivas.
Terrain: Extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central
interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted
Climate: Tropical in lowlands; cooler in highlands.
Government of Nicaragua
Constitution: The 1987 Sandinista-era constitution was
amended in 1995 to provide for a more even distribution of
power among the four branches of government and again in
2000 to increase the size of the Supreme Court and the
Controller General's Office and to make changes to the
electoral laws. The changes in 2000 allowed for the
president to be elected with 35% of the popular vote so long
as there was at least a five percentage point difference
between the first and second place candidates in order to
avoid a second round of voting.
Branches: Executive--president and vice president.
Legislative--National Assembly (unicameral). Judicial--
Supreme Court and subordinate appeals, district, and local
courts, as well as separate labor and administrative
tribunals. Electoral--Supreme Electoral Council, responsible
for organizing and holding elections.
Administrative subdivisions: 15 departments and two
autonomous regions on the Atlantic coast; 153
National political parties and leaders: Conservative Party
or PC (Azalia Aviles-Salmeron); Independent Liberal Party or
PLI (Indalecio Rodriguez); Liberal Constitutionalist Party
or PLC (Jorge Castillo-Quant); Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance
or ALN (Alejandro Mejia-Ferreti); Sandinista National
Liberation Front or FSLN (Daniel Ortega-Saavedra);
Sandinista Renovation Movement or MRS (Enrique Saenz-
Suffrage: Universal at 16.
Map of Nicaragua
This Map of Nicaragua shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Managua the capital of
Nicaragua. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Nicaragua
The Official Name of Nicaragua is the Republic of Nicaragua.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Nicaragua
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Nicaraguan(s).
Population (July 2010 est.): 5,955,928; density--42 per sq.
Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 1.784%.
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white
17%, black 9%, and Amerindian 5%.
Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic, with rapidly growing
Languages: Spanish (official), English and indigenous
languages on Caribbean coast.
Education: Years compulsory--none enforced (28% of first
graders eventually finish sixth grade). Literacy--81%.
Health: Life expectancy--71.5 yrs. Infant mortality rate (2009
est.)--25 deaths/1,000 live births.
Work force (2010 est.): 2.3 million.
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