Countries of the World:
Resources about Niger including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Niger
GDP (2009): $5.34 billion.
Annual growth rate (2009): 1.2%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $360.
Avg. inflation rate (2009): 4.8%.
Avg. inflation rate (Sept. 09 to Aug. 2010): 0.6%
Natural resources: Uranium, gold, oil, coal, iron, tin, and
Agriculture (27.9% of GDP): Products--millet, sorghum,
cowpeas, peanuts, cotton, onion and rice.
Industry (10.5% of GDP): Types--textiles, cement, soap, and
Trade (2008): Exports (freight on board--f.o.b.)--$341
million. Types--uranium, livestock, gold, cowpeas, and onions.
Major markets--France 31.2%, Nigeria 18.2%, Japan 14.1%, Spain
8.4%, U.S. 1.7%. Imports (f.o.b.)--$984 million. Types--
consumer goods, petroleum, foodstuffs, and industrial
products. Major suppliers--France 15.2%, China 15.1%,
U.S.9.5%, Nigeria 7.9%, Cote d'Ivoire5.1%, India 3.2%, Japan
Geography of Niger
Area: 1,267,000 sq. km (490,000 sq. mi.); about three times
the size of California.
Cities: Capital--Niamey (pop. approx. 1.4 million).
Other cities--Tahoua, Konni, Maradi, Zinder, Diffa, Dosso,
Arlit, and Agadez.
Terrain: About two-thirds desert and mountains, one-third
Climate: Hot, dry, and dusty. Rainy season June - September.
Government of Niger
Independence: August 3, 1960.
Constitution: A new constitution will be voted on in a
national referendum on October 31, 2010.
Branches: Executive--president and prime minister. On February
18, all state institutions were dissolved, including the
Assembly. There will be a Constitutional referendum on October
31, 2010, which will re-instate the National Assembly.
Legislative elections Judicial--Constitutional Court, Supreme
Court, Court of Appeals, High Court of Justice.
Political parties: 52 Political Parties
Suffrage: The constitution provides for universal suffrage for
Nigeriens age 18 or older.
Administrative subdivisions: Eight regions subdivided into 36
districts (departments) and 266 communes (local councils, both
urban and rural).
Map of Niger
This Map of Niger shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Niamey the capital of Niger.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Niger
The Official Name of Niger is the Republic of Niger. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Niger
Nationality: Noun and Adjective--Nigerien(s).
Population (2010 est.) 16,300,000.
Annual growth rate (2010): 3.3%.
Ethnic groups: Hausa 53%, Djerma (Zarma) 21%, Fulani 7%,
Tuareg 11%, Beri Beri (Kanuri) 6%; Arab, Toubou, and
Religions: Islam (97%); remainder traditional and Christian.
Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma, Fulfulde, Kanuri,
Tamachek, Toubou, Gourmantche, Arabic.
Education: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--45% (men), 31%
(women). Literacy (2008)--30.% (15% for women).
Health: Infant mortality rate--150/1,000. Life expectancy—51
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