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Countries of the World: Niger
Resources about Niger including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Niger GDP (2009): $5.34 billion. Annual growth rate (2009): 1.2%. Per capita GDP (2009): $360. Avg. inflation rate (2009): 4.8%. Avg. inflation rate (Sept. 09 to Aug. 2010): 0.6% Natural resources: Uranium, gold, oil, coal, iron, tin, and phosphates. Agriculture (27.9% of GDP): Products--millet, sorghum, cowpeas, peanuts, cotton, onion and rice. Industry (10.5% of GDP): Types--textiles, cement, soap, and beverages. Trade (2008): Exports (freight on board--f.o.b.)--$341 million. Types--uranium, livestock, gold, cowpeas, and onions. Major markets--France 31.2%, Nigeria 18.2%, Japan 14.1%, Spain 8.4%, U.S. 1.7%. Imports (f.o.b.)--$984 million. Types-- consumer goods, petroleum, foodstuffs, and industrial products. Major suppliers--France 15.2%, China 15.1%, U.S.9.5%, Nigeria 7.9%, Cote d'Ivoire5.1%, India 3.2%, Japan 5.6%.

Geography of Niger Area: 1,267,000 sq. km (490,000 sq. mi.); about three times the size of California. Cities: Capital--Niamey (pop. approx. 1.4 million). Other cities--Tahoua, Konni, Maradi, Zinder, Diffa, Dosso, Arlit, and Agadez. Terrain: About two-thirds desert and mountains, one-third savanna. Climate: Hot, dry, and dusty. Rainy season June - September.

Government of Niger Type: Republic. Independence: August 3, 1960. Constitution: A new constitution will be voted on in a national referendum on October 31, 2010. Branches: Executive--president and prime minister. On February 18, all state institutions were dissolved, including the Assembly. There will be a Constitutional referendum on October 31, 2010, which will re-instate the National Assembly. Legislative elections Judicial--Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, High Court of Justice. Political parties: 52 Political Parties Suffrage: The constitution provides for universal suffrage for Nigeriens age 18 or older. Administrative subdivisions: Eight regions subdivided into 36 districts (departments) and 266 communes (local councils, both urban and rural).

Map of Niger This Map of Niger shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Niamey the capital of Niger. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Niger The Official Name of Niger is the Republic of Niger. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Niger Nationality: Noun and Adjective--Nigerien(s). Population (2010 est.) 16,300,000. Annual growth rate (2010): 3.3%. Ethnic groups: Hausa 53%, Djerma (Zarma) 21%, Fulani 7%, Tuareg 11%, Beri Beri (Kanuri) 6%; Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 2%. Religions: Islam (97%); remainder traditional and Christian. Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma, Fulfulde, Kanuri, Tamachek, Toubou, Gourmantche, Arabic. Education: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--45% (men), 31% (women). Literacy (2008)--30.% (15% for women). Health: Infant mortality rate--150/1,000. Life expectancy—51 yrs.

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