Countries of the World:
Resources about Nigeria including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Nigeria
GDP (2009): $339 billion (agriculture 33%; industry 34%;
Real GDP growth rate (2009): 6.1%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $2,300.
Inflation (2009): 11.5%.
Natural resources: Oil and natural gas (37% of 2006 GDP),
tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc.
Agriculture: Products--cocoa, palm oil, yams, cassava,
sorghum, millet, corn, rice, livestock, groundnuts, cotton.
Industry: Types--textiles, cement, food products, footwear,
metal products, lumber, beer, detergents, car assembly.
Trade (2007): Exports--$65.5 billion: fuels and mining
products (97%); agricultural products (cocoa, rubber, oil,
nuts) (2.2%); manufactures (0.8%). Partners--United States
(38.3%); European Union (21.8%); India (9.9%); Brazil
(6.8%); Japan (4%). Imports--$29.5 billion: machinery;
chemicals; transport equipment; manufactured goods (72.3%);
agricultural products (23.7%), fuels and mining products
(4%). Partners--European Union (33.2%); United States
(15.6%); China 7.2%; Korea (2.8%); U.A.E. (2.6%); others
Foreign direct investment (FDI, 2008): 29.5% of GDP.
Official development assistance (2006): $11.434 billion.
Currency: Naira (150 Naira = U.S. $1 as of March 23, 2010).
Geography of Nigeria
Area: 923.8 thousand sq. km. (356,700 sq. mi.) about the size
of California, Nevada, and Arizona.
Cities: Capital--Abuja (pop. est. 1.6 million). Other cities--
Lagos (11.4 million), Kano (3.3 million), Ibadan (3.3
million), Benin City (1.2 million), Port Harcourt (1.2
million), Maiduguri (1.1 million), Zaria (1.0 million).
Terrain: Ranges from southern coastal swamps to tropical
forests, open woodlands, grasslands, and semi-desert in the
far north. The highest regions are the Jos Plateau 1,200-2,400
meters above sea level and the mountains along the border with
Climate: Annual rainfall ranges from 381 cm. along the coast
to 64 cm. or less in the far north.
Government of Nigeria
Type: Federal republic.
Independence: October 1, 1960.
Constitution: The 1999 constitution (based largely on the 1979
constitution) was promulgated by decree on May 5, 1999 and
came into force on May 29, 1999.
Subdivisions: 36 states plus Federal Capital Territory
(Abuja); states divided into a total of 774 local government
Budget (2009): $21.3 billion, of which recurrent expenditures
constitute $11.1 billion, capital expenditures $7 billion,
statutory transfers $1.1 billion, and debt service $2 billion.
Critical sectors--security and the Niger Delta (20%);
education (8%); transportation (7%); agriculture and water
(5%); and energy (5%).
Indebtedness, including federal/state government debt, as
percentage of GDP: 3%.
Map of Nigeria
This Map of Nigeria shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Abuja the capital of Nigeria.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Nigeria
The Official Name of Nigeria is the Federal Republic of
Nigeria. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Nigeria
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Nigerian(s).
Population (2010): 152 million.
Population growth rate (2010): 2.0%.
Total fertility rate (avg. number of children per woman in
Ethnic groups (250): Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, and Kanuri
are the largest.
Religions: Muslim, Christian, indigenous African.
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Fulani,
Education: Attendance (secondary)--male 32%, female 27%.
Health: Life expectancy (2010)--47 years.
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