Countries of the World:
Resources about North Korea including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of North Korea
GDP (2008 estimate): $24.8 billion; 46.2% in industry, 32.2%
in services, 21.6% in agriculture and fisheries.
Per capita GDP (2008): $1,800.
Agriculture: Products--rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans,
cattle, pigs, pork, and eggs.
Mining and manufacturing: Types--military products; machine
building; chemicals; mining (gold, coal, iron ore,
limestone, magnesite, etc.); metallurgy; textiles; food
Trade (2008): Exports--$ 2.06 billion (South Korean Trade
and Investment Promotion Agency): minerals, non-ferrous
metals, garments, chemicals/plastics, machinery/electric and
electronic products, animal products, wood products,
vegetable products, and precious metals. The D.P.R.K. is
also thought to earn hundreds of millions of dollars from
the unreported sale of missiles, narcotics, and counterfeit
cigarettes and currency, and other illicit activities.
Imports--$3.58 billion: minerals, petroleum,
machinery/electronics, vegetable products, textiles,
chemicals, non-ferrous metals, plastics, vehicles, and
Major trading partners (2008): (1) China, (2) R.O.K., (3)
Singapore, (4) India, and (5) Russia.
*In most cases, the figures used above are estimates based
upon incomplete data and projections.
Geography of North Korea
Area: 122,762 sq. km. (47,918 sq. mi.), about the size of
Cities: Capital--Pyongyang. Other cities--Hamhung, Chongjin,
Wonsan, Nampo, Sinjuiju, and Kaesong.
Terrain: About 80% of land area is moderately high mountains
separated by deep, narrow valleys and small, cultivated
plains. The remainder is lowland plains covering small,
Climate: Long, cold, dry winters; short, hot, humid, summers.
Government of North Korea
Type: Highly centralized communist state.
Independence: August 15, 1945--Korean liberation from Japan;
September 9, 1948--establishment of the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K., or North Korea), marking its
separation from the Republic of Korea (R.O.K., or South
Constitution: 1948; revised in 1972, 1992, 1998, and 2009.
Branches: Executive--President of the Presidium of the Supreme
People's Assembly (chief of state); Chairman of the National
Defense Commission (head of government). Legislative--Supreme
People's Assembly. Judicial--Central Court; provincial, city,
county, and military courts.
Subdivisions: Nine provinces; two province-level
municipalities (Pyongyang, Nasun, also known as Najin-Sonbong
free trade zone); one special city (Nampo), 24 cities.
Political party: Korean Workers' Party (Communist).
Suffrage: Universal at 17.
Map of North Korea
This Map of North Korea shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Pyongyang the capital of
North Korea. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of North Korea
The Official Name of North Korea is the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of North Korea
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Korean(s).
Population (2008 estimate): 24.05 million (UN Population Fund-
Annual population growth rate: About +0.42%.
Ethnic groups: Korean; small ethnic Chinese and Japanese
Religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, Shamanism, Chongdogyo,
Christian; autonomous religious activities have been virtually
nonexistent since 1945.
Education: Years compulsory--11. Attendance--3 million
(primary, 1.5 million; secondary, 1.2 million; tertiary, 0.3
Health (1998): Medical treatment is free; one doctor for every
700 inhabitants; one hospital bed for every 350; there are
severe shortages of medicines and medical equipment. Infant
mortality rate--51.34/1,000 (2009 est.). Life expectancy--
males 61.23 yrs., females 66.53 yrs. (2009 est.).
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