Countries of the World:
Resources about Oman including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Oman
GDP (2008 est.): $59.946 billion.
Per capita GDP (2008 est.): $21,646.
Real GDP growth rate (2008 est.): 7.8%.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, copper, marble,
limestone, gypsum, chromium.
Agriculture and fisheries: (2.1% of GDP). Products--dates,
bananas, mangoes, alfalfa, other fruits and vegetables.
Fisheries--kingfish, tuna, other fish, shrimp, lobster,
Industry: Types--crude petroleum (not including gas liquids)
about 750,000 barrels per day; construction, petroleum
refinery, copper mines and smelter, cement and various light
Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$37.72 billion. Major markets--
China (29.3%), U.A.E. (10.9%), Japan (10.6%), South Korea
(9.6%), Thailand (6.8%). Imports--$22.92 billion: machinery,
transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock,
lubricants. Major suppliers--U.A.E. (27.2%), Japan (15.6%),
United States (5.7%), China (4.7%), India (4.5%).
Geography of Oman
Area: About 309,500 sq. km. (approximately the size of the
State of New Mexico). It is bordered on the north by the
United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), on the northwest by Saudi
Arabia, and on the southwest by the Republic of Yemen. The
Omani coastline stretches 3,165 km.
Cities: Capital--Muscat. Other cities--Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar,
Terrain: Mountains, plains, and arid plateau.
Climate: Hot and humid along the coast; hot and dry in the
interior; summer monsoon in the far south.
Government of Oman
Constitution: None. On November 6, 1996, Sultan Qaboos
issued a royal decree promulgating the Basic Statute which
clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime
minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies
doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral
parliament, and guarantees basic rights and responsibilities
for Omani citizens.
Branches: Executive--Sultan. Legislative--bicameral Majlis
Oman (appointed State Council and elected Consultative
Council). Judicial--Civil courts are divided into four
departments: criminal courts handle cases under the penal
code; Shari'a (Islamic law) courts oversee personal status
and family law issues; commercial courts adjudicate business
and commercial matters; labor courts oversee labor and
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: Universal adult.
Administrative subdivisions: Eight administrative regions--
Muscat Governorate, Dhofar Governorate, Musandam
Governorate, Al-Buraimi Governorate, Al Batinah, Al
Dhahirah, Al Dakhliya, Al Shariqiya, Al Wusta. There are 61
Map of Oman
This Map of Oman shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Muscat the capital of Oman. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Oman
The Official Name of Oman is the Sultanate of Oman. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Oman
Nationality: Noun--Oman. Adjective--Omani(s).
Population (2009 est.): 3.37 million (includes 580,000 non-
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 2.0%.
Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, East African (Zanzabari), South
Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi).
Religions: Ibadhi; Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu,
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Swahili,
Hindi and Indian dialects.
Education: Literacy--approx. 81% (total population).
Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--17 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy--73.8 years.
Work force: 920,000 total; Agriculture and fishing--approx.
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