Countries of the World:
Papua New Guinea
Resources about Papua New Guinea including maps, facts about the
land, people, history, government, political conditions, and
Economy of Papua New Guinea
Nominal GDP (2008): U.S. $6.39 billion; PGK 18.72 billion.
Average exchange rate (2008): U.S. $1 = PGK 2.7.
Real GDP growth rate (2008): 4.5%.
Inflation rate (2009): 7.0%.
Per capita GDP (2008): U.S. $1,040.
Natural resources: Gold, copper ore, crude oil, natural gas,
timber, fish, oil palm, tea, rubber, logs.
Forestry (4% of GDP); marine (1% of GDP); minerals and oil
(82% of GDP).
Agriculture (13% of GDP): Major products--coffee, cocoa,
coconuts, palm oil, timber, tea, vanilla.
Industry (25% of GDP): Major sectors--copra crushing; palm
oil processing; plywood production; wood chip production;
mining of gold, silver, and copper; construction; tourism;
crude oil production, refined petroleum production.
Trade: Exports--66% of GDP: gold, copper ore, oil, timber,
palm oil, coffee. Major markets (in order by value--high to
low)--Australia, Japan, Philippines, Germany, South Korea,
China, United States, United Kingdom, Singapore, and
Malaysia. Imports--31% of GDP: machinery and transport
equipment, vehicles, manufactured goods, food, mineral
fuels, chemicals. Major suppliers (in order by value--high
to low)--Australia, United States, Singapore, Japan, China,
New Zealand, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, and United
Geography of Papua New Guinea
Land area: 462,840 sq. km.; about the size of California.
Cities: Capital--Port Moresby (254,158). Other cities--Lae
(78,038), Mt. Hagen (27,789).
Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling
foothills. The largest portion of the population lives in
fertile highlands valleys that were unknown to the outside
world until the 1930s, but that supported agriculture some
10,000 years ago, possibly before agriculture was developed
Climate: Tropical. NW monsoon, Dec.-Mar.; SE monsoon, May-Oct.
Government of Papua New Guinea
Type: Constitutional parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: September 16, 1975.
Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state,
represented by a governor general); prime minister (head of
government). Legislative--unicameral parliament. Judicial--
independent; highest is Supreme Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 19 provinces and the national
capital district (Port Moresby).
Major political parties: National Alliance (NA), People's
Progress Party (PPP), United Resources Party (URP), PNG Party
Suffrage: Universal over 18 years of age.
Map of Papua New Guinea
This Map of Papua New Guinea shows the borders of the country,
as well as rivers, and cities including Port Moresby the
capital of Papua New Guinea. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Papua New Guinea
The Official Name of Papua New Guinea is the Independent State
of Papua New Guinea. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Papua New Guinea
Population (2008 est.): 6.5 million.
Annual population growth rate (2005-2010): 2.0%.
Languages: Three official languages are English, Tok Pisin,
and Motu. There are approximately 860 other languages.
Education: Years compulsory--0. Literacy--49.3%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)--69/1,000. Life
expectancy (2008)--62.0 yrs.
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