Countries of the World:
Resources about Poland including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Poland
GDP (2009): $430 billion.
Real GDP growth (2009): 1.8%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $11,288.
Rate of inflation (2009, average): 3.5%.
Natural resources: Coal, copper, sulfur, natural gas, silver,
Agriculture: Products--grains, hogs, dairy, potatoes,
horticulture, sugar beets, oilseed.
Industry: Types--machine building, iron and steel, mining,
shipbuilding, automobiles, furniture, textiles and apparel,
chemicals, food processing, glass, beverages.
Trade (2009): Exports--$133.6 billion: furniture, cars, ships,
coal, apparel. Imports--$145.8 billion: crude oil, passenger
cars, pharmaceuticals, car parts, computers.
Geography of Poland
Area: 312,683 sq. km. (120,725 sq. mi.); about the size of New
Cities (2007): Capital--Warsaw (pop. 1,706,600). Other cities-
-Lodz (753,200), Krakow (756,600), Wroclaw (632,900), Poznan
(560,900), Gdansk (455,700).
Terrain: Flat plain, except mountains along southern border.
Climate: Temperate continental.
Government of Poland
Constitution: The constitution now in effect was approved by
a national referendum on May 25, 1997. The constitution
codifies Poland's democratic norms and establishes checks
and balances among the president, prime minister, and
parliament. It also enhances several key elements of
democracy, including judicial review and the legislative
process, while continuing to guarantee the wide range of
civil rights, such as the right to free speech, press, and
assembly, which Poles have enjoyed since 1989.
Branches: Executive--head of state (president), head of
government (prime minister). Legislative--bicameral National
Assembly (lower house--Sejm, upper house--Senate). Judicial-
-Supreme Court, provincial and local courts, constitutional
Administrative subdivisions: 16 provinces (voivodships).
Political parties: Civic Platform (PO), Law and Justice
(PiS), the Polish People's Party (PSL), the Democratic Left
Alliance (SLD), Social Democracy of Poland (SDPL), Poland
XXI, and the Democratic Party (PD).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Poland
This Map of Poland shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Warsaw the capital of Poland.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Poland
The Official Name of Poland is the Republic of Poland. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Poland
Nationality: Noun--Pole(s). Adjective--Polish.
Population (2009): 38.1 million.
Annual growth rate: Unchanging.
Ethnic groups: Polish 98%, German, Ukrainian, Belarusian,
Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, Eastern Orthodox, Uniate,
Health (2008): Infant mortality rate--7.0/1,000. Life
expectancy--males 71.3 yrs., females 80 yrs.
Work force: 17.1 million. Industry and construction--28.2%;
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