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Resources about Romania including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions,
Economy of Romania
GDP (2009): $161.1 billion.
Annual GDP growth rate (2009): -7.1%; latest IMF 2010 growth
GDP per capita (2009): $7,493.
Natural resources: Oil, timber, natural gas, coal, salt,
Agriculture (2009): Percent of GDP--6.3%. Products--corn,
wheat, potatoes, oilseeds, vegetables, livestock, fish, and
Industry (2009): Percent of GDP--23.7%. Types--machine
building, mining, construction materials, metal production
and processing, chemicals, food processing, textiles,
clothing. Industrial output increased by 0.9% in 2008 and
decreased 5.5% in 2009.
Services (2009): Percent of GDP--50.1%.
Construction (2009): Percent of GDP--9.8%.
Trade: Exports--(2009) $40.36 billion; (Jan.-Apr. 2010)
$14.8 billion. Types--textiles, chemicals, light
manufactures, wood products, fuels, processed metals,
machinery and equipment. Exports to the U.S.--(2009) $475.4
million; (Jan.-Apr. 2010) $265.7 million. Major markets--
Italy, Germany, France, Turkey, Hungary. Imports--(2009)
$53.89 billion; (Jan.-Apr. 2010) $18.66 billion. Types--
machinery and equipment, textiles, fuel, coking coal, iron
ore, machinery and equipment, and mineral products. Imports
from the U.S.--(2009) $690.3 million; (Jan.-Apr. 2010)
$235.5 million. Major suppliers--Germany, Italy, Hungary,
Exchange rate: 3.36 new Lei=U.S. $1 (June 2010).
Geography of Romania
Area: 237,499 sq. km. (91,699 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than
Cities: Capital--Bucharest (pop. 1.94 million). Other cities--
Iaşi (309,000), Constanţa (302,000), Timişoara (316,000),
Cluj-Napoca (306,000), Craiova (299,000), Galaţi (291,000),
Terrain: Consists mainly of rolling, fertile plains; hilly in
the eastern regions of the middle Danube basin; and major
mountain ranges running north and west in the center of the
country, which collectively are known as the Carpathians.
Government of Romania
Constitution: December 8, 1991, amended by referendum October
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister
(head of government), Council of Ministers. Legislative--
bicameral Parliament. Judicial--Constitutional Court, High
Court of Cassation and Justice, and lower courts.
Subdivisions: 41 counties plus the city of Bucharest.
Political parties represented in the Parliament are: Social
Democratic Party (Partidul Social Democrat--PSD); National
Liberal Party (Partidul Naţional Liberal--PNL); Democratic
Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat Liberal--PDL); Democratic
Union of Hungarians in Romania (Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din
Romānia--UDMR); National Union for the Advancement of Romania
(Uniunea Naţională pentru Progresul Romāniei--UNPR);
Conservative Party (Partidul Conservator--PC).
Suffrage: Universal from age 18.
Defense: 1.9% of GDP.
Map of Romania
This Map of Romania shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Bucharest the capital of
Romania. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Romania
The Official Name of Romania is Romania. (Facts from the U.S.
People of Romania
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Romanian(s).
Population (July 2010): 21.49 million.
Annual population growth rate: -0.16%.
Ethnic groups: Romanians 89%, Hungarians 7.1%, Germans 0.5%,
Ukrainians, Serbs, Croats, Russians, Turks, and Roma 2.5%.
Religions: Orthodox 86.8%; Roman Catholic 5%; Reformed
Protestant, Baptist, and Pentecostal 5%; Greek Catholic
(Uniate) 1% to 3%; Muslim 0.2%; Jewish less than 0.1%.
Languages: Romanian (official). Other languages--Hungarian,
Education: Years compulsory--10. Attendance--98%. Literacy--
Health: Infant mortality rate--22 /1,000 (2010). Life
expectancy--men 69.22 yrs., women 76.43 yrs.
Work force (2010): 9.3 million. Agriculture--3.0 million,
industry and construction--2.8 million, services--3.3 million,
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