Countries of the World:
Resources about Russia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Russia
GDP (2009): $1.231 trillion. (Russian Government statistics-
Growth rate (2009): -7.9%.
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber, furs,
precious and nonferrous metals.
Agriculture: Products--Grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds,
meat, dairy products.
Industry: Types--Complete range of manufactures:
automobiles, trucks, trains, agricultural equipment,
advanced aircraft, aerospace, machine and equipment
products; mining and extractive industry; medical and
scientific instruments; construction equipment.
Trade (2009): Exports--$301.6 billion: petroleum and
petroleum products, natural gas, woods and wood products,
metals, chemicals. Major markets--EU, CIS, China, Japan.
Imports--$167.4 billion: machinery and equipment, chemicals,
consumer goods, medicines, meat, sugar, semi-finished metal
products. Major partners--EU, CIS, Japan, China, U.S. U.S.
exports--$5.4 billion. Principal U.S. exports (2009)--
oil/gas equipment, autos/parts, meat, aircraft, electrical
machinery, medical equipment, plastics, cosmetics, and
chemicals. U.S. imports--$18.2 billion. Principal U.S.
imports (2009)--oil, chemicals, aluminum, iron/steel,
precious stones, nickel, fish and crustaceans, copper, base
metals, and wood.
Geography of Russia
Area: 17 million sq. km. (6.5 million sq. mi.); about 1.8
times the size of the United States.
Cities: Capital--Moscow (pop. 10.4 million). Other cities--St.
Petersburg (4.6 million), Novosibirsk (1.4 million), Nizhniy
Novgorod (1.3 million).
Terrain: Broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast
coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains
(Caucasus range) along southern borders.
Climate: Northern continental.
Government of Russia
Independence: August 24, 1991.
Constitution: December 12, 1993.
Branches: Executive--president, prime minister (chairman of
the government). Legislative--Federal Assembly (Federation
Council, State Duma). Judicial--Constitutional Court, Supreme
Court, Supreme Court of Arbitration, Office of Procurator
Political parties: After a shakeup in late 2008 dissolved and
combined several parties, seven registered parties remain:
United Russia, the Communist Party (KPRF), the Liberal
Democratic Party (LDPR), Just Russia, Yabloko, Patriots of
Russia, and the new Right Cause party. Yabloko, which favors
liberal reforms, and Patriots of Russia failed to clear the 7%
threshold in 2007 to enter the Duma.
Subdivisions: 83 federal subjects (members of the Federation),
including 21 republics, 9 krays, 46 oblasts, 2 federal cities,
1 autonomous oblast, and 4 autonomous okrugs.
Suffrage: Universal at 18 years.
Map of Russia
This Map of Russia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Moscow the capital of Russia.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Russia
The Official Name of Russia is the Russian Federation. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Russia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Russian(s).
Population (January 2010): 141.9 million.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.002%.
Ethnic groups: Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, other
Religion: Russian Orthodox, Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism,
Protestant, Buddhist, other.
Language: Russian (official); more than 140 other languages
Education (total pop.): Literacy--99.4%.
Health: Life expectancy (2009 est.)--66.0 average; 59.3 yrs.
men, 73.14 yrs. women.
Work force (75.81 million, 2009 est.): Services--58.1%,
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