Countries of the World:
Sao Tome and Principe
Resources about Sao Tome and Principe including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Sao Tome and Principe
GDP (2009): $191 million.
Annual real GDP growth rate (2009): 4%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $1,174.
Inflation (2009): 17%.
Natural resources: Agricultural products, fish, petroleum (not
Services (71% of GDP, 2009): Primarily tourism.
Agriculture (14% of GDP, 2009): Products--cocoa, coconuts,
copra, palm kernels, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, beans,
poultry. Cultivated land--484 sq. kilometers.
Industry (15% of GDP, 2009): Types--light construction,
shirts, soap, beer, fisheries, shrimp processing, palm oil.
Trade: Exports (2009)--$14 million (f.o.b.): 95% cocoa, copra,
palm kernels, coffee. Major markets--Portugal, Netherlands,
Spain, Germany, China. Imports (2009)--$93 million (c.i.f.):
food, fuel, machinery and electrical equipment. Major
suppliers--Portugal (43%), France (16%), U.K. (14%).
Total external debt (2009): None.
Fiscal year: Calendar year.
Geography of Sao Tome and Principe
Location: Western Africa; islands straddling the equator in
the Gulf of Guinea west of Gabon.
Area: 1,001 sq. km. (386 sq. mi.); about the size of
metropolitan Indianapolis, or one-third the size of Rhode
Cities: Capital--São Tomé (Aqua Grande district). Other
cities--Trindade, Santana, Angolares, Neves, Guadalupe in São
Tomé, and Santo Antonio in Príncipe.
Terrain: Two small, volcanic islands plus associated smaller
Climate: Tropical, with wet and dry seasons, influenced by the
Government of Sao Tome and Principe
Independence: July 12, 1975 (from Portugal).
Constitution: November 5, 1975; revised September 1990,
following a national referendum, revised again January 2003.
Branches: Executive--president and prime minister.
Legislative--National Assembly. Judicial--Supreme Court.
Administrative subdivisions: Six districts, five on São Tomé
and one on Principe.
Political parties: Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and
Príncipe (MLSTP), Party of Democratic Convergence (PCD),
Independent Democratic Action (ADI), Democratic Movement Force
of Change (MDFM), Christian Democratic Front Party (FDC),
Santomean Workers Party (PTS); Popular Party of Progress
(PPP), National Union for Democracy and Progress (UNDP), and
Democratic Coalition of the Opposition (CODO).
Suffrage: Universal adult (18 years old).
Map of Sao Tome and Principe
This Map of Sao Tome and Principe shows the borders of the
country, as well as rivers, and cities including São Tomé the
capital of Sao Tome and Principe. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Sao Tome and Principe
The Official Name of Sao Tome and Principe is the Democratic
Republic of Sao Tome and Principe. (Facts from the U.S. State
People of Sao Tome and Principe
Nationality: Noun and adjective--São Toméan(s).
Population (2010 est.): 167,000.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.4%.
Ethnic groups: Mestiço, Angolares, Forros, Servicais/Tongas,
Religions: Christian (Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant,
Seventh-day Adventist) 90%.
Language: Portuguese (official).
Education: Literacy (2009)--87.9%. Years compulsory--to
Health: Life expectancy (2009)--66 yrs. Infant mortality rate
Work force (by household, 2000 UN Development Program est.):
Agriculture--15.3%; industry, commerce, services--36.5%;
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