Countries of the World:
Resources about Senegal including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Senegal
GDP (2008): $13.9 billion.
Real annual growth rate (2009): 1.25%.
Per capita GDP (2008): $1,800 (purchasing power parity).
Inflation rate (consumer prices, 2009): -0.9%.
Natural resources: Fish, peanuts, phosphate, iron ore, gold,
titanium, oil and gas, cotton.
Agriculture represents 12.4% of GDP. Products--fish,
peanuts, millet, sorghum, manioc, rice, cotton, vegetables,
flowers, fruit, livestock, forestry.
Industry: 19.8% of GDP, of which manufacturing and
construction compromise 16.3% and energy/mining represent
3.5%. Types--fish and agricultural product processing; light
manufacturing; mining; and construction.
Services: 55.6% of GDP, of which transport, warehousing, and
communications represent 13.4% of GDP and trade 16.6% of
Trade (2008): Exports--$2.05 billion: fish products,
peanuts, phosphates, cotton. Major markets--Mali 19.6%,
India 7.2%, France 5.5%, The Gambia 5.4%, Italy 4.9%, U.S.
0.5%. Imports--$4.26 billion: food, consumer goods,
petroleum, machinery, transport equipment, petroleum
products, computer equipment. Major suppliers--France 19.7%,
U.K. 15.2%, China 6.7%, Belgium 4.6%, Thailand 4.4%,
Netherlands 4.1%, U.S. 2%.
Exchange rate: African Financial Community franc (CFA) is
fixed to the euro. 656 CFA = 1 euro. 438 CFA = U.S. $1.
Economic aid: The United States provided about $85.1 million
in assistance to Senegal in fiscal year 2009, including $2.1
million for peace and security, $2.4 million for governing
justly and democratically, $49.2 million for investing in
people, and $31.4 million for economic growth.
Geography of Senegal
Area: 196,840 sq. km. (76,000 sq. mi.), about the size of
Cities: Capital--Dakar. Other cities--Diourbel, Kaolack,
Kolda, Louga, Rufisque, Saint-Louis, Thies, Tambacounda,
Ziguinchor, Fatick, Matam, Kedougou, Sedhiou.
Terrain: Flat or rising to foothills.
Climate: Tropical/Sahelian--desert or grasslands in the north,
heavier vegetation in the south and southeast.
Government of Senegal
Independence: April 4, 1960.
Constitution: March 3, 1963.
Branches: Executive--President (chief of state, commander in
chief of armed forces). Legislative--bicameral parliament
with a 150 member National Assembly and a 100 member Senate.
Judicial--Constitutional Council (appointed by the president
from senior magistrates and eminent academics and
attorneys), Court of Final Appeals, Council of State.
Administrative subdivisions: 14 regions, 34 departments, 320
Political parties: 73 political parties are registered, the
most important of which are the Democratic Party of Senegal
(PDS), Rewmi, Socialist Party (PS), the Alliance of Forces
for Progress (AFP), "AND JEF/PADS", the Union for Democratic
Renewal (URD), "JEF JEL", the National Democratic Rally
(RND), the Independence and Labor Party (PIT), and the
Alliance for the Republic-Yakaar.
Suffrage: Universal adult, over 18.
Central government budget (2009): Revenues--$2.89 billion;
Defense (2007): $133 million.
National holiday: April 4, Independence Day.
Map of Senegal
This Map of Senegal shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Dakar the capital of Senegal.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Senegal
The Official Name of Senegal is the Republic of Senegal.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Senegal
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Senegalese (sing. and pl.).
Population (2008 est.): 12,853,259.
Annual growth rate: 2%.
Ethnic groups: Wolof 43%; Fulani (Peulh) and Toucouleur 23%;
Serer 15%; Diola, Mandingo, and others 19%.
Religions: Muslim 95%, Christian 4%, traditional 1%.
Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Serer, Diola,
Education: Attendance--primary 75.8%, middle school 26.5%,
secondary 11% (estimated). Literacy--59.1%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--60.15/1,000. Life expectancy--
Work force (4.0 million): Agriculture--70% (subsistence or
cash crops). Wage earners (350,000): private sector 61%,
government and parapublic 39%.
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