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Countries of the World: Senegal
Resources about Senegal including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Senegal GDP (2008): $13.9 billion. Real annual growth rate (2009): 1.25%. Per capita GDP (2008): $1,800 (purchasing power parity). Inflation rate (consumer prices, 2009): -0.9%. Natural resources: Fish, peanuts, phosphate, iron ore, gold, titanium, oil and gas, cotton. Agriculture represents 12.4% of GDP. Products--fish, peanuts, millet, sorghum, manioc, rice, cotton, vegetables, flowers, fruit, livestock, forestry. Industry: 19.8% of GDP, of which manufacturing and construction compromise 16.3% and energy/mining represent 3.5%. Types--fish and agricultural product processing; light manufacturing; mining; and construction. Services: 55.6% of GDP, of which transport, warehousing, and communications represent 13.4% of GDP and trade 16.6% of GDP. Trade (2008): Exports--$2.05 billion: fish products, peanuts, phosphates, cotton. Major markets--Mali 19.6%, India 7.2%, France 5.5%, The Gambia 5.4%, Italy 4.9%, U.S. 0.5%. Imports--$4.26 billion: food, consumer goods, petroleum, machinery, transport equipment, petroleum products, computer equipment. Major suppliers--France 19.7%, U.K. 15.2%, China 6.7%, Belgium 4.6%, Thailand 4.4%, Netherlands 4.1%, U.S. 2%. Exchange rate: African Financial Community franc (CFA) is fixed to the euro. 656 CFA = 1 euro. 438 CFA = U.S. $1. Economic aid: The United States provided about $85.1 million in assistance to Senegal in fiscal year 2009, including $2.1 million for peace and security, $2.4 million for governing justly and democratically, $49.2 million for investing in people, and $31.4 million for economic growth.

Geography of Senegal Area: 196,840 sq. km. (76,000 sq. mi.), about the size of South Dakota. Cities: Capital--Dakar. Other cities--Diourbel, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Rufisque, Saint-Louis, Thies, Tambacounda, Ziguinchor, Fatick, Matam, Kedougou, Sedhiou. Terrain: Flat or rising to foothills. Climate: Tropical/Sahelian--desert or grasslands in the north, heavier vegetation in the south and southeast.

Government of Senegal Type: Republic. Independence: April 4, 1960. Constitution: March 3, 1963. Branches: Executive--President (chief of state, commander in chief of armed forces). Legislative--bicameral parliament with a 150 member National Assembly and a 100 member Senate. Judicial--Constitutional Council (appointed by the president from senior magistrates and eminent academics and attorneys), Court of Final Appeals, Council of State. Administrative subdivisions: 14 regions, 34 departments, 320 rural councils. Political parties: 73 political parties are registered, the most important of which are the Democratic Party of Senegal (PDS), Rewmi, Socialist Party (PS), the Alliance of Forces for Progress (AFP), "AND JEF/PADS", the Union for Democratic Renewal (URD), "JEF JEL", the National Democratic Rally (RND), the Independence and Labor Party (PIT), and the Alliance for the Republic-Yakaar. Suffrage: Universal adult, over 18. Central government budget (2009): Revenues--$2.89 billion; expenditures--$3.86 billion. Defense (2007): $133 million. National holiday: April 4, Independence Day.

Map of Senegal This Map of Senegal shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Dakar the capital of Senegal. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Senegal The Official Name of Senegal is the Republic of Senegal. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Senegal Nationality: Noun and adjective--Senegalese (sing. and pl.). Population (2008 est.): 12,853,259. Annual growth rate: 2%. Ethnic groups: Wolof 43%; Fulani (Peulh) and Toucouleur 23%; Serer 15%; Diola, Mandingo, and others 19%. Religions: Muslim 95%, Christian 4%, traditional 1%. Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Serer, Diola, Mandingo, Soninke. Education: Attendance--primary 75.8%, middle school 26.5%, secondary 11% (estimated). Literacy--59.1%. Health: Infant mortality rate--60.15/1,000. Life expectancy-- 56.69 yrs. Work force (4.0 million): Agriculture--70% (subsistence or cash crops). Wage earners (350,000): private sector 61%, government and parapublic 39%.

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