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Countries of the World: Sierra Leone
Resources about Sierra Leone including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Sierra Leone GDP (2009): $2.0 billion. Real GDP growth rate (2009): 4%. Inflation rate (2009, CPI): 9.3%. Exchange rate: U.S. $1 = 400 SLL (Leones). Natural resources: Diamonds, titanium ore (rutile), bauxite, gold, iron ore, ilmenorutile, platinum, chromite, manganese, cassiterite, molybdenite, as well as forests, abundant fresh water, and rich offshore fishing grounds. Agriculture: Products--coffee, cocoa, ginger, palm kernels, palm oil, cassava, bananas, citrus, peanuts, cashews, plantains, rice, sweet potatoes, vegetables, cattle, pigs, poultry, sheep, fish. Land--30% potentially arable, 9% cultivated. Industry: Types--diamond mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); bauxite and rutile mining; forestry; fishing; flour; cement and other construction goods; petroleum refining; plastics; small commercial ship repair; tourism. Trade (2009, Economist Intelligence Unit - EIU): Exports-- $205.9 million f.o.b.: diamonds, rutile, bauxite, coffee, cocoa, fish. Major destinations of exports (2009, EIU)-- Belgium 28.4%, U.S. 12.7%, Netherlands 8.5%, U.K. 7.9%, India 7.2%. Imports--$372.4 million f.o.b.: fuel and lubricants, rice and other foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, building materials, light consumer goods, used clothing, textiles. Main origins of imports--South Africa 23.2%, China 12.1%, U.S. 9.3%, Cote d’Ivoire 9%, India 8.3%.

Geography of Sierra Leone Area: 71,740 sq. km. (29,925 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than South Carolina. Cities: Capital--Freetown (est. 786,900). Provincial capitals- -Southern Province, Bo; Eastern Province, Kenema; Northern Province, Makeni. Terrain: Mangrove swamps and beaches and mostly shallow bays along the coast, wooded hills along the immediate interior, and a mountainous plateau in the interior.

Government of Sierra Leone Type: Republic with a democratically elected president and unicameral parliament. Independence: from United Kingdom, April 27, 1961. Constitution: October 1, 1991. Political parties: The Political Parties Registration Commission was formed in late 2005 to review registered parties to see whether they still met registration requirements. Most of the parties are inactive. Major parties- -Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP), All People's Congress (APC), and People’s Movement for Democratic Change (PMDC).

Map of Sierra Leone This Map of Sierra Leone shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Freetown the capital of Sierra Leone. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Sierra Leone The Official Name of Sierra Leone is the Republic of Sierra Leone. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Sierra Leone Nationality: Noun and adjective--Sierra Leonean(s). Population (2009, United Nations): 5.7 million. Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.216%. Ethnic groups (2008 census): 20 African ethnic groups--Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late 18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians). Religions: (est.) Muslim 60%, Christian 30%, animist 10%. Languages: English, Krio, Temne, Mende, and 15 other indigenous languages. Education (2004): Literacy--35.1%. Health: Life expectancy at birth (2010 est.)--55.7 years. Infant mortality rate--80.16 deaths/1,000 live births. HIV infection rate for adults, ages 15-49 years (2007 est.)--1.7%. Work force: Agriculture--52.5%; industry--30.6%; services-- 16.9%.

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