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Resources about Sierra Leone including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions,
Economy of Sierra Leone
GDP (2009): $2.0 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2009): 4%.
Inflation rate (2009, CPI): 9.3%.
Exchange rate: U.S. $1 = 400 SLL (Leones).
Natural resources: Diamonds, titanium ore (rutile), bauxite,
gold, iron ore, ilmenorutile, platinum, chromite, manganese,
cassiterite, molybdenite, as well as forests, abundant fresh
water, and rich offshore fishing grounds.
Agriculture: Products--coffee, cocoa, ginger, palm kernels,
palm oil, cassava, bananas, citrus, peanuts, cashews,
plantains, rice, sweet potatoes, vegetables, cattle, pigs,
poultry, sheep, fish. Land--30% potentially arable, 9%
Industry: Types--diamond mining; small-scale manufacturing
(beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); bauxite and
rutile mining; forestry; fishing; flour; cement and other
construction goods; petroleum refining; plastics; small
commercial ship repair; tourism.
Trade (2009, Economist Intelligence Unit - EIU): Exports--
$205.9 million f.o.b.: diamonds, rutile, bauxite, coffee,
cocoa, fish. Major destinations of exports (2009, EIU)--
Belgium 28.4%, U.S. 12.7%, Netherlands 8.5%, U.K. 7.9%,
India 7.2%. Imports--$372.4 million f.o.b.: fuel and
lubricants, rice and other foodstuffs, machinery and
equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, building materials,
light consumer goods, used clothing, textiles. Main origins
of imports--South Africa 23.2%, China 12.1%, U.S. 9.3%, Cote
d’Ivoire 9%, India 8.3%.
Geography of Sierra Leone
Area: 71,740 sq. km. (29,925 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than
Cities: Capital--Freetown (est. 786,900). Provincial capitals-
-Southern Province, Bo; Eastern Province, Kenema; Northern
Terrain: Mangrove swamps and beaches and mostly shallow bays
along the coast, wooded hills along the immediate interior,
and a mountainous plateau in the interior.
Government of Sierra Leone
Type: Republic with a democratically elected president and
Independence: from United Kingdom, April 27, 1961.
Constitution: October 1, 1991.
Political parties: The Political Parties Registration
Commission was formed in late 2005 to review registered
parties to see whether they still met registration
requirements. Most of the parties are inactive. Major parties-
-Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP), All People's Congress
(APC), and People’s Movement for Democratic Change (PMDC).
Map of Sierra Leone
This Map of Sierra Leone shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Freetown the capital of
Sierra Leone. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Sierra Leone
The Official Name of Sierra Leone is the Republic of Sierra
Leone. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Sierra Leone
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Sierra Leonean(s).
Population (2009, United Nations): 5.7 million.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.216%.
Ethnic groups (2008 census): 20 African ethnic groups--Temne
35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of
freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in
the late 18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko
2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil
war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and
Religions: (est.) Muslim 60%, Christian 30%, animist 10%.
Languages: English, Krio, Temne, Mende, and 15 other
Education (2004): Literacy--35.1%.
Health: Life expectancy at birth (2010 est.)--55.7 years.
Infant mortality rate--80.16 deaths/1,000 live births. HIV
infection rate for adults, ages 15-49 years (2007 est.)--1.7%.
Work force: Agriculture--52.5%; industry--30.6%; services--
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