Countries of the World:
Resources about Slovakia including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Slovakia
GDP (2009 est.): $88.3 billion.
GDP growth rate (2009): -4.9%.
Nominal GDP per capita (2008): $17,630 (International
Unemployment (April 2010): 12.3%.
Consumer price inflation (2009, Ministry of Finance): 1.6%.
Public deficit (2009 est): 5.5% GDP.
Natural resources: Antimony, mercury, iron, copper, lead,
zinc, magnesite, limestone, lignite, uranium (not yet in
Agriculture: Products--grains, potatoes, poultry, cattle,
hogs, sugar, beets, hops, fruit, forest products.
Industry: Types--iron and steel, chemicals, electro-
chemical, automobiles, light industry, food processing,
back-office support, engineering, building materials.
Trade (2009 est): Exports--$55.4 billion: machinery and
energy equipment, electrical equipment, audio/video
equipment, vehicles, base metals, mineral products, plastics
and rubber, iron and steel, machinery and energy equipment,
plastics. Export partners (2009)--Germany 20.1%, Czech
Republic 12.9%, France 7.8%, Poland 7.2%, Hungary 6.3%,
Italy 6.1%, Austria 5.8%. Imports (2009 est)--$53.7 billion:
machinery, vehicles, electrical equipment, mineral fuels and
oils, audio/video equipment, base metals. Import partners
(2009)--Germany 16.8%, Czech Republic 12.3%, Russian
Federation 9.0%, South Korea 6.8%, China 5.8%, Hungary 5.3%.
(Source: Statistical office of the Slovak Republic).
Foreign investment (2008, National Bank of Slovakia data):
Cumulative--$39.4 billion; FDI inflow $1.39 billion in 2008.
Sources of direct foreign investment**--Czech Republic
54.2%, Cyprus 20.4%, Poland 4.5%, Austria 4%, France 3.5%,
South Korea 3.1%, Germany 3%, Italy 2.6%. Sectors of direct
foreign investment--machinery, industrial production,
electrochemical, automotive, financial services, information
technology (IT), wholesale and retail trade, transportation
*Figures are based on immediate city's (not region)
permanent resident population.
**Government of Slovakia official statistic. A 2008 U.S.
Embassy survey found that, taking into account investments
of U.S. subsidiaries in Europe, U.S. investment is more than
15% of the total.
Geography of Slovakia
Area: 48,845 sq. km. (about twice the size of New Hampshire).
Land boundaries (total): 1,524 km. Austria 91 km.; Czech
Republic 215 km.; Hungary 677 km.; Poland 444 km.; Ukraine 97
Terrain: Landlocked with high mountains in the north, low
mountains in the center, hills to the west, Danube River basin
in the south.
Climate: Temperate; average temperature in January 26.5°F; in
July 68°F. Annual precipitation 24"-40".
Elevation: Lowest point, Bodrog River 94 m. Highest point,
Gerlachovsky Štít 2,655 m.
Government of Slovakia
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: The Slovak Republic was established January 1,
1993 (former Czechoslovak Republic established 1918).
Constitution: Signed September 3, 1992.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime
minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--
National Council of the Slovak Republic (150 seats).
Judicial--Supreme Court, Constitutional Court.
Political parties: Distribution of the 150 parliamentary
seats is Direction-Social Democracy (Smer-SD) 62 seats;
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKU) 27 seats;
Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) 22 seats; Christian-Democratic
Movement (KDH) 15 seats; Bridge (Most-Hid) 14 seats; Slovak
National Party (SNS) 9 seats. Other parties outside the
Parliament include Hungarian Coalition Party (SMK); People’s
Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (LS-HzDS); Party
of the Democratic Left (SDL).
Suffrage: Universal at 18 years.
Administrative divisions: Eight administrative regions, 79
Map of Slovakia
This Map of Slovakia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Bratislava the capital of
Slovakia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Slovakia
The Official Name of Slovakia is the Slovak Republic. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Slovakia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Slovak(s).
Population (May 2001 census*): 5,379,455. Bratislava
(428,672), Košice (236,093), Nitra (163,540), Prešov
(161,782), Žilina (156,361), Banská Bystrica (111,984).
Annual population growth rate (2001 est.): 0.13%.
Ethnic groups (2001): Slovaks 85.8%, Hungarians 9.7%, Roma
1.7%, Czechs 0.8%, Ruthenians 0.4%, Ukrainians 0.2%, other
1.4%. Unofficial estimates place the Roma population between
Religions (2001): Roman Catholic 69%, Protestant 9%, Greek
Catholic 4%, Orthodox 0.9%, other 0.6%, unknown 3.5%, 13%
report no affiliation.
Languages: Slovak (official), Hungarian, Ruthenian, Romany,
Health: Life expectancy (2001)--78 yrs. females; 70 yrs.
Work force (2.1 million in 2001): Industry, construction,
commerce--61%; financial, commercial, health services--18%;
government and education--15%; agriculture--6%.
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