Countries of the World:
Resources about Slovenia including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Slovenia
GDP (2009): 36.386 billion euros ($48.738 billion).
Real GDP growth rate (2009): -7.8%.
GDP per capita (2009): $23,800.
Natural resources: Coal, mercury, timber.
Agriculture/forestry/fishing (approx. 2% of GDP): Products--
wheat, corn, poultry, beef, pork, milk, potatoes, orchard
Industry (approx. 37% of GDP): Types--electrical equipment,
chemical products, textiles, food products, electricity,
metal products, wood products, transportation equipment.
Services (approx. 61% of GDP): Types--retail,
transportation, communications, real estate and other
Trade: Exports ($22.6 billion, 2009)--machinery,
transportation equipment, manufactured articles, chemical
products. To U.S.--Slovenia exported 1.31% of its total
exports to the U.S., which amounted to $292.6 million worth
of exports (2009). Imports ($23.9 billion, 2009)--machinery,
transportation equipment, manufactured articles, mineral
fuels and lubricants. From U.S.--Slovenia imported 1.93% of
its total imports from the U.S., which amounted to $463.4
million worth of imports (2009). Major trading partners--
Germany, Italy, Croatia, Austria, France, and Russia. Trade
with the U.S. accounts for 1%-2% of the total trade.
Foreign direct investment in 2010: $60.53 million (0.41% of
total FDI in Slovenia).
Geography of Slovenia
Area: 20,273 square kilometers (7,906 sq. mi.) slightly
smaller than New Jersey.
Cities: Capital--Ljubljana (2009 pop. 278,314). Other cities--
Maribor (112,642), Kranj (54,562), Koper (51,915), Celje
Terrain: Mountains rising to more than 2,500 meters (8,200
ft.) in the north, wide plateaus over 1,000 meters (3,280 ft.)
high in the southeast, Karst limestone region of caves in the
south-southwest, hills in the east, and approximately 50
kilometers (39 mi.) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea.
Land use (2006): 63.3% forests, 24.2% agricultural land, 12.5%
Climate: Temperate, with regional variations. Average
temperature in the mountain region in January is below 0°C
(32°F), in the interior from 0°C -2°C (32°F-36°F), and along
the coast from 2°C -4°C (36°F-39°F); in July, average
temperature in the interior is 20°C -22°C (68°F-72°F), along
the coast 22°C -24°C (72°F-75°F). Average annual rainfall is
from 800 mm (31 in.) in the east to 3,000 mm (117 in.) in the
Government of Slovenia
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: On June 25, 1991, the Republic of Slovenia
declared independence from Yugoslavia. The United States and
the European Union recognized Slovenia in 1992.
Constitution: Adopted on December 23, 1991.
Branches: Executive--president, head of state, directly
elected for a maximum of two consecutive 5-year terms.
Legislative--bicameral legislature (Parliament is composed
of the National Assembly, with 90 deputies directly elected
on party basis for 4-year terms, and the National Council,
with 40 members elected by the National Assembly to
represent social, economic, professional, and local
interests for 5-year terms); prime minister, head of
government, nominated by the president and elected by the
National Assembly. Judicial--Constitutional Court, regular
courts, and a public prosecutor.
Political parties: National Assembly seats--Social Democrats
(SD) 28; Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) 27 seats; ZARES 9;
Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners (DeSUS) 5; Slovene
People's Party (SLS) 5; Slovene National Party (SNS) 5,
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) 5; Italian minority 1;
Hungarian minority 1; unaffiliated 4.
Suffrage: Universal over 18 years of age; permanent
residents may vote in local elections.
Administrative divisions: 210 local administrative units.
Government budget: 10.474 billion euros ($14.663 billion),
excluding healthcare and pension fund; defense, 1.55% of GDP
and 5.3% of the budget (2010).
Map of Slovenia
This Map of Slovenia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Ljubljana the capital of
Slovenia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Slovenia
The Official Name of Slovenia is the Republic of Slovenia.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Slovenia
Nationality: Noun--Slovene(s). Adjective--Slovenian.
Population (July 2010): 2,049,261.
Annual population growth rate (2009): 0.72%.
Ethnic groups (2002 census): Slovenes 83.06%, Croats 1.81%,
Serbs 1.98%, Bosniaks 1.10%, Hungarians 0.32%, Montenegrins
0.14%, Macedonians 0.20%, Albanians 0.31%, Italians 0.11%,
Religions (2002 census): Roman Catholic 57.8%, refused to
reply 15.7%, atheist 10.1%, Orthodox Christian 2.3%, Muslim
Languages: The official language is Slovene. Hungarian and
Italian are spoken in the border regions, and German fluency
is common near the Austrian border. Bosnian, Croatian, and
Serbian are spoken by a sizable (6% of the population)
minority. English is widely understood by business people
Education: Elementary school (26.1%), high school (54.1%),
2, and 4-year university degree (13%). Data according to
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009)--2.4/1,000 births. Life
expectancy (2009)--75.76 years for men, 82.31 years for
Work force (2010): 935,672.
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