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Countries of the World: Solomon Islands
Resources about Solomon Islands including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Solomon Islands GDP (2009): $564 million. Annual growth rate (2009): -2.2%. Per capita income (2009): $1,047. Avg. inflation rate (2009): 1.3%. Natural resources: Forests, fish, agricultural land, marine products, gold. Agriculture: Products--copra, cocoa, palm oil, palm kernels and subsistence crops of yams, taro, bananas, pineapple. Industry: Types--fish canning, sawmilling, boats, rattan and wood furniture, fiberglass products, shell jewelry, tobacco, beer, clothing, soap, nails, handicrafts. Trade (December 2009): Exports--$172 million: timber, fish, cocoa, copra, palm oil. Major markets--China 28.2%, South Korea 15.7%, Thailand 15.7%, Japan 9.7%, Philippines 5.1%, Vietnam 3.1%. Imports--$252 million: mineral fuels, food, machinery and transport equipment, and basic manufactures. Major suppliers--Australia 25.3%, Singapore 23.8%, New Zealand 5.3%, India 4.8%, Japan 3.9%. Average exchange rate (2008): U.S. $1 = SBD 7.63.

Geography of Solomon Islands Area: Land--27,556 sq. km. (11,599 sq. mi.). Archipelago-- 725,197 sq. km. (280,000 sq. mi.). Cities: Capital--Honiara (on the island of Guadalcanal), pop. 66,000 (2007). Other towns--Gizo, Auki, Kirakira. Terrain: Mountainous islands. Climate: Tropical monsoon.

Government of Solomon Islands Type: Parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth. Constitution: May 1978. Independence: July 7, 1978. Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state, represented by a governor general); prime minister (head of government). Legislative--50-member Parliament elected every 4 years. Judicial--high court plus magistrates court; system of custom land courts throughout islands. Subdivisions: Nine provinces and Honiara town. Major political parties: Association of Independent Members (AIM), People's Alliance Party (PAP), Socred, Rural Advancement Party (RAP), Lafari Party, Christian Alliance Party, Democratic Party, National Party, Liberal Party, Labor Party. Suffrage: Universal over 18. National holiday: July 7.

Map of Solomon Islands This Map of Solomon Islands shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Honiara the capital of Solomon Islands. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Solomon Islands The Official Name of Solomon Islands is the Solomon Islands. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Solomon Islands Nationality: Noun and adjective--Solomon Islander(s). Population (2009): 537,000. Annual population growth rate: 2%. Ethnic groups (2002): Melanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, other 1.5%. Religions: Christian 95%--more than one-third Anglican (Archdiocese of Melanesia), Roman Catholic 19%, South Sea Evangelical 17%, United Church (Methodist) 11%, Seventh-day Adventist 10%. Languages: English (official); about 120 vernaculars, including Solomon Islands pidgin. Education (2003): Years compulsory--none. Attendance--79.6% primary school; 14% secondary school. Adult literacy--76.6%. Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--37/1,000. Life expectancy (2008)--66 yrs. Work force (202,500; 2009): Agriculture--75%. Industry and commerce--5%. Services--20%.

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