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Countries of the World: Spain
Resources about Spain including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Spain GDP (2009): $1.461 trillion (1.051 trillion); seventh- largest economy in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Per capita GDP (2009): $31,700 (22,800). GDP annual growth rate (2009): -3.6%. Natural resources: Coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, hydroelectric power. Agriculture and fisheries (2.3% of GDP, 2009): Products-- grains, vegetables, citrus and deciduous fruits, wine, olives and olive oil, sunflowers, livestock and poultry, dairy products, seafood. Industry (11.7% of GDP, 2009): Types--processed foods, textiles, footwear, petrochemicals, steel, automobiles, consumer goods, electronics. Services (2009): 51.5% of GDP. Trade (2009): Exports--$220 billion (158 billion): automobiles, fruits, minerals, metals, clothing, footwear, textiles. Major markets--EU 69%, U.S. 4%. Imports--$290 billion (208 billion): petroleum, oilseeds, aircraft, grains, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, fish, consumer goods. Major sources--EU 58%, U.S. 4%. Average exchange rate (2009): 1 euro=U.S. $1.39.

Geography of Spain Area: 504,750 sq. km. (194,884 sq. mi.), including the Balearic and Canary Islands; about the size of Arizona and Utah combined. Cities (2009 census): Capital--Madrid (3.5 million). Other cities--Barcelona (1.6 million), Valencia (814,208), Seville (703,206), Malaga (568,305), Zaragoza (674,317), Bilbao (354,860). Terrain: High plateaus, lowland areas such as narrow coastal plains, and mountainous regions. Climate: Temperate. Summers are hot in the interior and more moderate and cloudy along the coast; winters are cold in interior and partly cloudy and cool along the coast. Time zone: Spanish mainland and Balearic Isles--local time is 1 hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) in winter and 2 hours ahead in summer. Canary Islands are on GMT.

Government of Spain Type: Constitutional monarchy (Juan Carlos I proclaimed King November 22, 1975). Constitution: 1978. Branches: Executive--president of government nominated by monarch, subject to approval by democratically elected Congress of Deputies. Legislative--bicameral Cortes: a 350- seat Congress of Deputies (elected by the d'Hondt system of proportional representation) and a Senate. Four senators are elected in each of 47 peninsular provinces, 16 are elected from the three island provinces, and Ceuta and Melilla elect two each; this accounts for 208 senators. The parliaments of the 17 autonomous regions also elect one senator as well as one additional senator for every 1 million inhabitants within their territory (about 20 senators). Judicial-- Constitutional Tribunal has jurisdiction over constitutional issues. Supreme Tribunal heads system comprising territorial, provincial, regional, and municipal courts. Subdivisions: 47 peninsular and three island provinces; two enclaves on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco (Ceuta and Melilla) and three island groups along that coast-- Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera, and the Chafarinas Islands. Political parties: Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE), Popular Party (PP), and the United Left (IU) coalition. Key regional parties are the Convergence and Union (CIU) in Catalonia and the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) in the Basque country.

Map of Spain This Map of Spain shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Madrid the capital of Spain. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Spain The Official Name of Spain is the Kingdom of Spain. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Spain Nationality: Noun--Spaniard(s). Adjective--Spanish. Population (National Institute of Statistics (INE), January 1, 2010): 46,951,500. Ethnic groups: Distinct ethnic groups within Spain include the Basques, Catalans, and Galicians. Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic (approx. 75%); Protestant and Islamic faiths also have a significant presence. Languages: Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan-Valencian 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%. Education: Years compulsory--to age 16. Literacy (INE, third quarter 2008)--97.6%. Work force (first quarter 2010): 18.4 million. Unemployment rate (first quarter 2010): 20.05%.

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