Countries of the World:
Resources about Sri Lanka including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Sri Lanka
GDP: $41.32 billion.
Annual growth rate: 3.5%.
Natural resources: Limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems,
Agriculture (12.8% of GDP): Major products--rice, tea, rubber,
coconut, and spices.
Services (58% of GDP): Major types--tourism, wholesale and
retail trade, transport, telecom, financial services.
Industry (29.2% of GDP): Major types--garments and leather
goods, rubber products, food processing, chemicals, refined
petroleum, gems and jewelry, non-metallic mineral-based
products, and construction.
Trade: Exports--$7.0 billion: garments, tea, rubber products,
jewelry and gems, refined petroleum, and coconuts. Major
markets--U.S. ($1.54 billion), U.K., India. Imports--$9.6
billion. Major suppliers--India, Singapore, Hong Kong, China,
Iran, Malaysia, Japan, U.K., U.A.E., Belgium, Indonesia, South
Korea, U.S. ($283 million).
Geography of Sri Lanka
Area: 65,610 sq. km. (25,332 sq. mi.); about the size of West
Cities: Capital--Colombo (pop. est. 1.3 million--urban area).
Sri Jayewardenepura-Kotte is the officially designated capital
and is the site of Parliament. Other cities--Kandy (150,000),
Galle (110,000), Jaffna (100,000).
Terrain: Coastal plains in the northern third of country;
hills and mountains in south-central Sri Lanka rise to more
than 2,133 meters (7,000 ft.).
Climate: Tropical. Rainy seasons--light in northeast, fall and
winter, with average rainfall of 50 in.; heavy in southwest,
summer and fall, with average rainfall of 200 in.
Government of Sri Lanka
Independence: February 4, 1948.
Constitution: August 31, 1978.
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Branches: Executive--president, chief of state and head of
government, elected for a 6-year term. Legislative--unicameral
225-member Parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court, Court of
Appeal, High Court, subordinate courts.
Administrative subdivisions: Nine provinces and 25
Political parties: Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, National Freedom
Front, Jathika Hela Urumaya, Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Tamil
National Alliance, United National Party, Tamileela Makkal
Viduthalai Pulikal, Sri Lankan Muslim Congress, National Unity
Alliance, Ceylon Workers' Congress, Up-Country People's Front,
several small Tamil and Muslim parties, Marxists, and others.
Map of Sri Lanka
This Map of Sri Lanka shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Colombo the capital of
Sri Lanka. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Sri Lanka
The Official Name of Sri Lanka is the Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lanka. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Sri Lanka
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Sri Lankan(s).
Population: 21.3 million.
Annual growth rate: 0.9%.
Ethnic groups (2002): Sinhalese (74%), Tamils (18%), Muslims
(7%), others (1%).
Religions: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.
Languages: Sinhala and Tamil (official), English.
Education: Years compulsory--to age 14. Primary school
Health: Infant mortality rate--18.57/1,000. Life expectancy--
73 yrs. (male); 77 yrs. (female).
Work force: 8.1 million (excluding northern provinces).
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