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Countries of the World: Suriname
Resources about Suriname including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Suriname GDP (2008 est.): $2.81 billion (Source: IMF). Annual growth rate real GDP (2007 actual): 5.5%. Per capita GDP (2007 est.): $4,830. Inflation (2007): 7.0%. Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, oil, iron ore, other minerals; forests; hydroelectric potential; fish and shrimp. Agriculture: Products--rice, bananas, timber, citrus fruits, fish and shrimp. Industry: Types--alumina, oil, gold, fish and shrimp processing, lumber. Trade (Source: IMF): Exports (2007)--$1.542 billion: alumina, gold, crude oil, wood and wood products, rice, bananas, fish, and shrimp. Major markets (2007)--Canada (23%), Norway (14.4%), U.S. (12.1%), Trinidad (7.2%), France (5.4%), Iceland (2.1%). Imports (2007)--$1.242 billion: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, mineral fuels including lubricants, food and live animals. Major suppliers (2007)--U.S. (31.7%), Netherlands (20.4%), Trinidad and Tobago (17.9%), Japan (3.6%), China (5.5%), Brazil (2.9%).

Geography of Suriname Area: 163,194 sq. km. (63,037 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Georgia. Cities: Capital--Paramaribo (pop. 242,946). Other cities-- Nieuw Nickerie, Moengo, Brownsweg, Albina. Terrain: Rain forest, savanna, coastal swamps, hills. Climate: Tropical.

Government of Suriname Type: Constitutional democracy. Constitution: September 30, 1987. Independence: November 25, 1975. Branches: Executive--President, Vice President, Council of Ministers. Legislative--elected 51-member National Assembly made up of representatives of political parties. Judicial-- Court of Justice. Administrative subdivisions: 10 districts. Political parties: Governing coalition--National Party of Suriname (NPS); Progressive Reform Party (VHP); Pertjaja Luhur; A - Combination, a coalition of General Interior Development Party (ABOP), Brotherhood and Unity in Politics (BEP), and Seeka; Suriname Workers Party (SPA); Democratic Alternative '91 (DA '91). Other parties in the National Assembly--National Democratic Party (NDP), Democratic National Platform 2000 (DNP 2000), Alternative 1 (A1), Party for Renewal and Development (BVD), Javanese Indonesian Peasants Party (KTPI). Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Suriname This Map of Suriname shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Paramaribo the capital of Suriname. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Suriname The Official Name of Suriname is the Republic of Suriname. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Suriname Nationality: Noun--Surinamer(s). Adjective--Surinamese. Population (2004 census): 492,829. Annual growth rate (2004): 1.30%. Ethnic groups (2004 census): Hindustani (East Indian) 27%, Creole 18%, Javanese 15%, Maroon 15%, mixed 12.5%, Amerindians 3.7%, Chinese 1.8%. Religions: Hindu, Muslim, Roman Catholic, Dutch Reformed, Moravian, several other Christian denominations, Jewish, Baha'i. Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken in Paramaribo), Sranan Tongo (Creole language), Hindustani, Javanese. Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-12. Literacy--90%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2004)--7 per 1,000. Life expectancy (2003)--71 yrs. Work force (100,000): Government--35%; private sector--41%; parastatal companies--10%; unemployed--14%.

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