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Resources about Suriname including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Suriname
GDP (2008 est.): $2.81 billion (Source: IMF).
Annual growth rate real GDP (2007 actual): 5.5%.
Per capita GDP (2007 est.): $4,830.
Inflation (2007): 7.0%.
Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, oil, iron ore, other
minerals; forests; hydroelectric potential; fish and shrimp.
Agriculture: Products--rice, bananas, timber, citrus fruits,
fish and shrimp.
Industry: Types--alumina, oil, gold, fish and shrimp
Trade (Source: IMF): Exports (2007)--$1.542 billion: alumina,
gold, crude oil, wood and wood products, rice, bananas, fish,
and shrimp. Major markets (2007)--Canada (23%), Norway
(14.4%), U.S. (12.1%), Trinidad (7.2%), France (5.4%), Iceland
(2.1%). Imports (2007)--$1.242 billion: machinery and
transport equipment, manufactured goods, mineral fuels
including lubricants, food and live animals. Major suppliers
(2007)--U.S. (31.7%), Netherlands (20.4%), Trinidad and Tobago
(17.9%), Japan (3.6%), China (5.5%), Brazil (2.9%).
Geography of Suriname
Area: 163,194 sq. km. (63,037 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Cities: Capital--Paramaribo (pop. 242,946). Other cities--
Nieuw Nickerie, Moengo, Brownsweg, Albina.
Terrain: Rain forest, savanna, coastal swamps, hills.
Government of Suriname
Type: Constitutional democracy.
Constitution: September 30, 1987.
Independence: November 25, 1975.
Branches: Executive--President, Vice President, Council of
Ministers. Legislative--elected 51-member National Assembly
made up of representatives of political parties. Judicial--
Court of Justice.
Administrative subdivisions: 10 districts.
Political parties: Governing coalition--National Party of
Suriname (NPS); Progressive Reform Party (VHP); Pertjaja
Luhur; A - Combination, a coalition of General Interior
Development Party (ABOP), Brotherhood and Unity in Politics
(BEP), and Seeka; Suriname Workers Party (SPA); Democratic
Alternative '91 (DA '91). Other parties in the National
Assembly--National Democratic Party (NDP), Democratic National
Platform 2000 (DNP 2000), Alternative 1 (A1), Party for
Renewal and Development (BVD), Javanese Indonesian Peasants
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Suriname
This Map of Suriname shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Paramaribo the capital of
Suriname. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Suriname
The Official Name of Suriname is the Republic of Suriname.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Suriname
Nationality: Noun--Surinamer(s). Adjective--Surinamese.
Population (2004 census): 492,829.
Annual growth rate (2004): 1.30%.
Ethnic groups (2004 census): Hindustani (East Indian) 27%,
Creole 18%, Javanese 15%, Maroon 15%, mixed 12.5%, Amerindians
3.7%, Chinese 1.8%.
Religions: Hindu, Muslim, Roman Catholic, Dutch Reformed,
Moravian, several other Christian denominations, Jewish,
Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken in
Paramaribo), Sranan Tongo (Creole language), Hindustani,
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-12. Literacy--90%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2004)--7 per 1,000. Life
expectancy (2003)--71 yrs.
Work force (100,000): Government--35%; private sector--41%;
parastatal companies--10%; unemployed--14%.
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