Countries of the World:
Resources about Swaziland including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Swaziland
GDP (2009): $2.9 billion.
GDP real growth rate: 2.4% (2008); 0.4% (2009).
Gross national income per capita (2008): $2,285.
Inflation: 12.6% (2008); 7.5% (2009).
Natural resources: Coal, quarry stone, timber, talc.
Agriculture (8.3% of GDP): Products--sugarcane, corn, citrus
fruits, livestock, wood, pineapple, tobacco, rice, peanuts.
Manufacturing (28.2% of GDP): Types--sugar refining, light
manufactured goods, wood pulp, textiles, processed foods,
Trade (2008): Exports--$1.57 billion: soft drink concentrates,
sugar, pulp, canned fruits, cotton yarn. Major markets--South
Africa (80%), EU (10%), Mozambique (10%). Imports--$1.58
billion: chemicals, clothing, foodstuffs, machinery, motor
vehicles, petroleum products.
Geography of Swaziland
Area: 17,363 sq. km. (6,704 sq. miles); slightly smaller than
Major cities: Mbabane (capital, pop. 60,000), Manzini
(principal commercial city, pop. 65,000).
Terrain: Mountainous plateau to savanna.
Climate: Near temperate to tropical.
Government of Swaziland
Independence: September 6, 1968.
Constitution: On July 26, 2005, King Mswati III ratified
Swaziland's constitution. This is Swaziland's first
constitution in over 30 years. It went into effect February 8,
Branches: Executive--monarch (head of state), prime minister
(head of government), cabinet (appointed by the king at the
recommendation of the prime minister). Legislative--Parliament
consisting of the House of Assembly (65 members: 55 elected,
10 appointed by the king) and Senate (30 members: 10 appointed
by the House of Assembly, 20 appointed by the king). Judicial-
-a dual court system of traditional courts under chiefs and a
Roman-Dutch system comprising magistrates courts, High Court,
Supreme Court (formerly Court of Appeals).
Administrative subdivisions: 4 regions, 9 municipal
governments, and 55 tinkhundla centers (traditional
Political parties: None registered.
Suffrage: Universal after 18.
Map of Swaziland
This Map of Swaziland shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Mbabane the capital of
Swaziland. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Swaziland
The Official Name of Swaziland is the Kingdom of Swaziland.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Swaziland
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Swazi(s).
Population: 1.2 million.
Annual population growth rate (2010): 1.213%.
Ethnic groups: African 97%, European 3%.
Religion: Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous
ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other
(includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%.
Education: Years compulsory--none. Attendance--65% primary and
44% secondary. Literacy--81.6%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2010)--66.71/1,000. Life
expectancy (2010)--47.97 years. The prevalence of HIV in
Swaziland's adult population is 39%, the highest in the world.
Work force: Agriculture and forestry--21.4%; construction--
6.1%; distribution--10.5%; finance--8.3%; manufacturing--
20.1%; mining and quarry--1%; services--32.6%; transport--
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