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Countries of the World: Taiwan
Resources about Taiwan including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Taiwan GDP (2009): $379 billion. Real annual growth rate (2009): -1.91%. Per capita GDP (2009): $16,423. Unemployment (September 2010) 5.05%. Natural resources: Small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos. Agriculture (1.6% of GDP): Major products--pork, rice, fruit and vegetables, sugarcane, poultry, shrimp, eel. Services: (68.6% of GDP). Industry (29.8% of GDP): Types--electronics and flat panel products, chemicals and petrochemicals, basic metals, machinery, textiles, transport equipment, plastics, machinery. Trade (2009): Exports--$203.7 billion: electronics, optical and precision instruments, information and communications products, textile products, basic metals, plastic and rubber products. Major markets--P.R.C. and Hong Kong $83.7 billion, U.S. $23.6 billion, Japan $14.5 billion. Imports--$174.4 billion: electronics, optical and precision instruments, information and communications products, machinery and electrical products, chemicals, basic metals, transport equipment, crude oil. Major suppliers--Japan $36.2 billion, P.R.C. and Hong Kong $25.6 billion, U.S. $18.2 billion.

Geography of Taiwan Area: 36,189 sq. km. (13,973 sq. mi.). Cities (2009): Capital--Taipei (pop. 2.6 million). Other cities--Kaohsiung (1.5 million), Taichung (1.07 million). Terrain: Two thirds of the island is largely mountainous with 100 peaks over 3,000 meters (9,843 ft.). Climate: Maritime subtropical.

Map of Taiwan This Map of Taiwan shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Taipei the capital of Taiwan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Taiwan The Official Name of Taiwan is Taiwan. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Taiwan Population (February 2009): 23.0 million. Annual population growth rate (2009): 0.23%. Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese, Hakka. Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance (2007)--99.30%. Literacy (2008)--97.78%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2007)--0.47%. Life expectancy (2008)--78.57 yrs; male 75.59 yrs.; female 81.94 yrs. Work force (August 2009): 10.96 million.

Political Establishment of Taiwan Political Establishment Type: Multi-party democracy. Constitution: December 25, 1946; last amended 2005. Branches (Yuan): Executive, Legislative, Judicial, Control, Examination. Major political parties: Kuomintang (KMT or Nationalist Party); Democratic Progressive Party (DPP); several small parties. Suffrage: Universal over 20 years of age. Central budget proposed (FY 2011): NT $1.789.6 trillion (U.S. $57.72 billion). Defense proposed (FY 2011): NT $287.2 billion (U.S. $9.72 billion), 16% of entire budget, or 2.6% of Taiwan's GDP.

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