Countries of the World:
Resources about Tajikistan including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Tajikistan
(data from IMF unless otherwise noted; IMF estimated total
population at 6,497,000 in 2009)
GDP nominal: $4.58 billion (2009); $5.50 billion (2010
GDP nominal per capita (2009): U.S. $766. Purchasing power
GDP real growth rate (2009): 3.4%.
Inflation rate: 6.47% (2009 est.); 7.04% (2010 est.).
Natural resources: Hydropower, some petroleum, uranium,
gold, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten.
Official unemployment rate (2009, CIA World Fact Book):
2.2%. The official rate is estimated based on the number of
registered unemployment benefit recipients; it does not take
into account the significant number of people who seek work
abroad. According to the State Statistics Agency, 11.5% of
the working age population is unemployed. Underemployment
also is very high--possibly as high as 40% of the work
force; 53% live below the poverty line according to the
Agriculture: Products--cotton, grain, fruits, grapes,
vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats.
Industry: Types--aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and
fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, textiles, metal-cutting
machine tools, refrigerators and freezers.
Trade: Imports (Jan.-Aug. 2009)--$1.6 billion f.o.b.:
aluminum, electricity, cotton, gold, fruits, vegetable oil,
textiles. Main partners include Russia, China, Iran,
Uzbekistan. Exports (Jan.-Aug. 2009)--$0.6 billion f.o.b.:
electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery
and equipment, foodstuffs. Partners include Russia,
Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, China, Ukraine, and
Total external debt: $1.656 billion (2009); $1.972 billion
Debt/GDP ratio: 33.5% (2009 est.); 36.3% (2010 est.).
Geography of Tajikistan
Area: 143,100 sq. km.
Terrain: Pamir and Alay mountains dominate landscape; western
Ferghana valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in
Climate: Mid-latitude continental, hot summers, mild winters;
semiarid to polar in Pamir mountains.
Government of Tajikistan
Independence: September 9, 1991 (from Soviet Union).
Constitution: November 6, 1994.
Branches: Executive--chief of state: President Emomali
RAHMON since November 6, 1994; head of state and Supreme
Assembly Chairman since November 19, 1992; head of
government (appointed by the president): Prime Minister Oqil
OQILOV since January 20, 1999; Oqilov has reached mandatory
retirement age, but has not yet been replaced. Cabinet:
Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by
the Supreme Assembly. Elections: president elected by
popular vote for a 7-year term; election last held November
6, 2006. Election results: Emomali RAHMON 79.3%, Olimjon
BOBOYEV 6.2%, Amir QARAQULOV 5.3%, Ismoil TALBAKOV 5.1%,
Abduhalim GHAFFOROV 2.8%. Legislative--bicameral Supreme
Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the Assembly of
Representatives or Majlisi Namoyanandagon (lower chamber; 63
seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year
terms) and the National Assembly or Majlisi Milli (upper
chamber; 34 seats; members are indirectly elected by popular
vote to serve 5-year terms, 25 selected by local deputies, 8
appointed by the president, plus former presidents of
Tajikistan--currently there is one; all serve 5-year terms).
Elections: last held February 28, 2010 for the Assembly of
Representatives. Official election results: percent of vote
by party--People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan 71.04%,
Islamic Revival 8.20%, Communist Party 7.01%, other 13.75%.
Judicial--Supreme Court; judges are appointed by the
Political parties and leaders: People's Democratic Party of
Tajikistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMON]; Islamic Revival Party
or IRPT [Muhiddin KABIRI]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT
[Shodi SHABDOLOV]; Democratic Party or DPT [Masud Sobirov
heads government-recognized faction; Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV,
currently serving 23-year prison term, is chairman of
original DPT; Rahmatullo VALIYEV is deputy]; Social
Democratic Party or SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOYIROV]; Socialist
Party of Tajikistan or SPT [Abdukhalim GAFFOROV; Murhuseyn
NARZIEV heads the original SPT party that is currently
unrecognized by the government]; Agrarian Party or APT [Amir
Birievich QARAQULOV]; Party of Economic Reform or PERT
Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal.
Defense (2010 est.): Military manpower (availability)--
Map of Tajikistan
This Map of Tajikistan shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Dushanbe the capital of
Tajikistan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Tajikistan
The Official Name of Tajikistan is the Republic of Tajikistan.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Tajikistan
(data from CIA World Factbook unless otherwise noted)
Population (July 2010 estimate): 7,349,145.
Population growth rate (2010 estimate): 1.9%.
Ethnic groups: Tajik 80%, Uzbek 15%, Russian and others 5%.
Religion (2010 Embassy est.): Sunni Muslim 95%, Shi'a Muslim
3%, other 2%.
Language: Tajik (the official state language as of 1994,
with followup legislation in 2009); Russian is widely used
in government and business; 74% of the population lives in
rural communities where mostly Tajik is spoken.
Education: Literacy (according to the Tajikistan Living
Standards Survey for 2007)--97.4%. The Tajik education
system has been struggling through a period of decline since
independence, however, and some evidence suggests functional
literacy is much lower.
Health (2010 est.): Life expectancy--62.29 years men; 68.52
years women. Infant mortality rate--41.03 deaths/1,000 live
Work force (2010): The official work force is 2.1 million.
The actual number of working age citizens is closer to 4
million. As many as half of all working age males, and an
increasing number of females, seek jobs outside of the
country, primarily in Russia.
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