Countries of the World:
Resources about Tanzania including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Tanzania
GDP (2010 est.): $23.2 billion.
Real GDP growth annual percentage (2010 est.): 6.4%.
GDP per capita (2009): $509.
Natural resources: Hydroelectric potential, coal, iron,
gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel, diamonds, crude oil
potential, forest products, wildlife, fisheries.
Agriculture (2009 est.): 26.6% of GDP. Products--coffee,
cotton, tea, tobacco, cloves, sisal, cashew nuts, maize,
livestock, sugar cane, paddy, wheat, pyrethrum.
Industry/manufacturing (2009 est.): 22.6% of GDP. Types--
textiles, agro-processing, light manufacturing,
construction, steel, aluminum, paints, cement, cooking oil,
beer, mineral water and soft drinks.
Trade (2009 est.): Exports--$2.74 billion (merchandise
exports): coffee, cotton, tea, sisal, cashew nuts, tobacco,
cut flowers, seaweed, cloves, fish and fish products,
minerals (diamonds, gold, and gemstones), manufactured
goods, horticultural products; services (tourism services,
communication, construction, insurance, financial, computer,
information, government, royalties, personal and other
businesses). Major markets--U.K., Germany, India, Japan,
Italy, China, Bahrain, Malaysia, South Korea, Thailand,
Pakistan, Indonesia. Primary imports--petroleum, consumer
goods, machinery and transport equipment, used clothing,
chemicals, pharmaceuticals. Major suppliers--U.K., Germany,
Japan, India, Italy, U.S., United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong,
Singapore, South Africa, Kenya.
Geography of Tanzania
Area: Mainland--945,000 sq. km. (378,000 sq. mi.); slightly
smaller than New Mexico and Texas combined. Zanzibar--1,658
sq. km. (640 sq. mi.).
Cities: Capital--Dar es Salaam (executive), Dodoma
(legislative), Major metropolises--Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya,
Mtwara, Stonetown in Zanzibar.
Climate: Varies from tropical to arid to temperate.
Government of Tanzania
Independence: Tanganyika 1961, Zanzibar 1963. Union formed
in April 1964.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and commander
in chief), vice president, and prime minister. Legislative--
unicameral National Assembly (for the Union), House of
Representatives (for Zanzibar only). Judicial--Mainland:
Court of Appeals, High Courts, Resident Magistrate Courts,
district courts, and primary courts; Zanzibar: High Court,
people's district courts, kadhis court (Islamic courts).
Political parties: 1. Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM), 2. The
Civic United Front (CUF), 3. Chama cha Demokrasia na
Maendeleo (CHADEMA), 4. Union for Multiparty Democracy
(UMD), 5. National Convention for Construction and Reform
(NCCR-Mageuzi), 6. National League for Democracy (NLD), 7.
National Reconstruction for Alliance (NRA), 8. Tanzania
Democratic Alliance Party (TADEA), 9. Tanzania Labour Party
(TLP), 10. United Democratic Party (UDP), 11. Demokrasia
Makini (MAKINI), 12. United Peoples' Democratic Party
(UPDP), 13. Chama cha Haki na Ustawi (CHAUSTA), 14. The
Forum for Restoration of Democracy (FORD), 15. Democratic
Party (DP), 16. Progressive Party of Tanzania (PPT-
Maendeleo), 17. Jahazi Asilia, 18. Sauti ya Umma (SAU).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Administrative subdivisions: 30 regions (25 on mainland, 3
on Zanzibar, 2 on Pemba).
Map of Tanzania
This Map of Tanzania shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Dar es
Salaam the capital of Tanzania. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Tanzania
The Official Name of Tanzania is the United Republic of
Tanzania. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Tanzania
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Tanzanian(s); Zanzibari(s).
Population: Mainland--41.8 million (2010 est.). Zanzibar--1.3
Religions: Muslim 35.0%, Christian 63.0%, other (traditional,
Sikh, Hindu, Baha'i) 2.0%.
Language: Official--Kiswahili and English; national--
Education: Attendance--73.2% mainland (primary), 71.4%
Zanzibar. Literacy--females 67.0% mainland, 76.8% Zanzibar;
males 79.9% mainland, 86.0% Zanzibar.
Health: Infant mortality rate--68/1,000. Life expectancy--52.4
years (2010 est.).
Work force: Agriculture--80.0%; industry, commerce,
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