Countries of the World:
Resources about Albania including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Albania
Real GDP growth (2009 est.): 2.8%. (IMF)
Inflation rate (2009 est.): 2.3%. (Albanian Institute of
Unemployment rate: 13.75%. (Albanian Institute of Statistics)
Natural resources: Oil, gas, coal, iron, copper and chrome
Geography of Albania
Area: 28,748 sq. km. (slightly larger than Maryland).
Major cities: Capital--Tirana (600,000, 2005 est.). Others--
Durres (200,000, 2005 est.), Shkoder (81,000, 2005 est.),
Vlore (72,000, 2005 est.).
Terrain: Situated in the southwestern region of the Balkan
Peninsula, Albania is predominantly mountainous but flat along
its coastline with the Adriatic Sea.
Climate: Mild, temperate; cool, wet winters; dry, hot summers.
Albania shares a border with Greece to the south/southeast,
Macedonia to the east, Kosovo to the northeast, and Montenegro
to the northwest. Western Albania lies along the Adriatic and
Ionian Sea coastlines. Albania's primary seaport is Durres,
which handles 90% of its maritime cargo.
Government of Albania
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: Adopted by popular referendum November 28, 1998.
Independence: November 28, 1912 (from the Ottoman Empire).
Branches: Executive--President (chief of state), Prime
Minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet).
Legislative--140-seat unicameral People's Assembly or Kuvendi
Popullor elected by regional proportional vote; all serve 4-
year terms. Judicial--Constitutional Court, High Court,
multiple district and appeals courts.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.
Main political parties: Democratic Party of Albania (DP);
Albanian Socialist Party (SP); Socialist Movement for
Integration (LSI); Albanian Republican Party (PR); Demo-
Christian Party (PDK); Union for Human Rights Party (PBDNJ);
New Democracy Party (PDR); Social Democratic Party (PSD);
Social Democracy Party (PDS).
Map of Albania
This Map of Albania shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Tirana the capital of Albania
(Maps from the U.S. State Department).
Official Name of Albania
The Official Name of Albania is Republic of Albania. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Albania
Population (2009 est.): 3,639,453.
Population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.56%.
Ethnic groups (2004 est., Government of Albania): Albanian
98.6%, Greeks 1.17%, others 0.23% (Vlachs, Roma, Serbs,
Montenegrins, Macedonians, Balkan Egyptians, and Bulgarians).
Religions: Muslim (Sunni and Bektashi) 70%, Albanian Orthodox
20%, and Roman Catholic 10%.
Official language: Albanian.
Health (2007 est.): Life expectancy--males 74.95 years;
females 80.53 years. Infant mortality rate--20.02 deaths per
1,000 live births.
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