Countries of the World:
Trinidad and Tobago
Resources about Trinidad and Tobago including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Trinidad and Tobago
GDP: U.S. $20.9 billion (current prices).
Annual growth rate: 3.5% (2008 est.), 5.5% (2007).
Per capita income: U.S. $18,864 (2008 est.).
Natural resources: Oil and natural gas, timber, fish.
Petroleum (oil, natural gas, petrochemicals): 46% of GDP.
Financial services: 11% of GDP.
Distribution including restaurants: 11% of GDP.
Manufacturing (food and beverages, assembly, chemicals,
printing): 5% of GDP (excludes oil refining and petrochemical
Construction and quarrying: 9% of GDP.
Transport/storage/communication: 5% of GDP.
Government services: 6% of GDP.
Education, cultural community services: 2.2% of GDP.
Electricity and water: 0.9% of GDP.
Agriculture (sugar, poultry, other meat, vegetables, citrus):
0.3% of GDP.
Hotels and guesthouses: 0.4% of GDP.
Geography of Trinidad and Tobago
Area: 5,128 sq. km. (1,980 sq. mi.), about the size of
Delaware. Trinidad--4,828 sq. km. (1,864 sq. mi). Tobago--300
sq. km. (116 sq. mi).
Cities: Capital--Port of Spain (metropolitan pop. 310,000).
Other cities and boroughs--San Fernando, Chaguanas, Arima,
Terrain: Plains and low mountains.
Climate: Tropical; principal rainy season is June through
Government of Trinidad and Tobago
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: August 31, 1962.
Present constitution: September 24, 1976.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral
parliament. Judicial--independent court system; highest court
of appeal is Privy Council (London).
Subdivisions: Nine regional corporations, two city
corporations, three borough corporations, one ward (Trinidad);
Tobago House of Assembly.
Political parties: People's National Movement (PNM); United
National Congress (UNC); Congress of the People (COP); other
minor parties, including the National Alliance for
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Trinidad and Tobago
This Map of Trinidad and Tobago shows the borders of the
country, as well as rivers, and cities including Port of Spain
the capital of Trinidad and Tobago. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Trinidad and Tobago
The Official Name of Trinidad and Tobago is the Republic of
Trinidad and Tobago. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Trinidad and Tobago
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Trinidadian(s) and
Tobagonian(s). (Note: A popular combination name for
Trinidadians and Tobagonians is Trinbagonians.)
Population (2007 est.): 1,303,188.
Annual growth rate: 0.4%.
Ethnic groups (2000): East Indian 40.0%, African 37.5%, mixed
20.5%, European 0.6%, Chinese 0.3%, other/not stated 1.1%.
Religions (2000): Roman Catholic 26.0%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican
7.8%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Baptist 7.2%, other Christian 5.8%,
Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other 10.8%,
unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9%.
Education: Years compulsory--8. Literacy--98.6%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2005 est.)--25.81/1,000. Life
expectancy (2006 est.)--66 yrs. male; 68 yrs. female.
Work force (620,800, first quarter 2008): Trade and services
62.9%, construction 18.9%, manufacturing 9.5%,
agriculture/sugar 3.8%, oil/gas 3.3%, utilities 1.5%.
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