Countries of the World:
Resources about Tunisia including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Tunisia
Real GDP (2009, base 1990) TND 25.813 billion (U.S. $19.13
Real GDP growth rate (2009): 3.1%.
Per capita GDP, PPP (2009, IMF est.): $8,254.
Natural resources: natural gas, crude oil, phosphates, salt,
Agriculture: Products--olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes,
citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy
Industry: Types--petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate),
textiles, footwear, food processing, electric and mechanical
Services: Tourism, commerce, transport, communications.
Sector information as percentage of GDP (2009 est.):
Services 43% (of which 5.5% for tourism); industry 31.5%;
agriculture and fishing 8.9%.
Trade (2009): Exports--$14.42 billion: clothing, semi-
finished goods and textiles, agricultural products,
mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons,
electrical equipment. By region--Europe 76.13%, Africa
13.12%, Asia 4.99%, Americas 2.6%. By country (U.S. $)--
France $4.27 billion; Italy $3.03 billion; Germany $1.26
billion; Spain $486.24 million; Libya $830.8 million; U.K.
$685.8 million; Belgium $319.15 million; U.S. $196.59
million. Imports--$19.03 billion: textiles, machinery and
equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs. By region--
Europe 72.58%, Asia 12.64%, Africa 7.21%, Americas 7.08%. By
country (U.S. $)--France $3.83 billion; Italy $3.11 billion;
Germany $1.66 billion; Spain $864.67 million; China $954.04
million; Libya $559.01 million; U.S. $761.53 million.
Geography of Tunisia
Location: North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea,
between Algeria and Libya.
Area: 163,610 sq. km. (63,378 sq. mi.), slightly smaller than
Cities: Capital--Tunis; Greater Tunis Area, Sfax, Nabeul,
Terrain: Arable land in north and along central coast; south
is mostly semiarid or desert.
Climate: Hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.
Land use: Arable land--17.05%; permanent crops--13.08%; other-
Government of Tunisia
Constitution: June 1, 1959; amended July 12, 1988, June 29,
1999, June 1, 2002, May 13, 2003, and July 28, 2008.
Independence: March 20, 1956.
Branches: Executive--chief of state President Zine El
Abidine BEN ALI (since November 7, 1987) head of government,
Prime Minister Mohamed GHANNOUCHI (since November 17, 1999)
cabinet, Council of Ministers appointed by the president;
president elected by popular vote for a 5-year term;
election last held October 25, 2009; prime minister
appointed by the president. Election results: President Zine
El Abidine Ben Ali reelected for a fifth term; candidates
from opposition: Mohamed Bouchiha (PUP), Ahmed Brahim (At-
Tajdid), Ahmed Innoubli (UDU), and Mounir Beji (PSL);
percentage of vote--Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 89.62%
Legislative--bicameral. Chamber of Deputies or Majlis al-
Nuwaab (214 seats; 5-year terms; 161 seats are elected by
popular vote for party lists on a winner-take-all basis). An
additional 53 seats are distributed to opposition parties on
a proportional basis as provided for in 1999 constitutional
amendments. Elections last held October 25, 2009. Election
results: percentage of vote by party--RCD 75%; seats by
party--RCD 161, MDS 16, PUP 12, UDU 9, At-Tajdid 2, PSL 8,
PVP 6. Note: The number of opposition seats increased from
37 to 53. A referendum in 2002 created a second chamber, the
Chamber of Advisors (126 seats; 6-year terms; 85 elected by
municipal officials and professional associations; 41
members are presidential appointees). Elections for the
Chamber of Advisors were held in July 2005. Half of these
seats were up for re-election in August 2008.
Judicial--Nominally independent District Courts, Courts of
Appeal, Highest Court (Cour de Cassation). Judges of all
courts are appointed by the minister of justice and human
Political parties: Democratic Constitutional Rally
(Rassemblement Constitutionnel Democratique--ruling party)
or RCD, President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali; At-Tajdid
Movement (Ahmed Brahim); Democratic Forum for Labor and
Liberties or FDTL (Mustapha Ben Jaafar); Liberal Social
Party or PSL (Mondher Thabet); Movement of Democratic
Socialists or MDS (Ismail Boulahia); Popular Unity Party or
PUP (Mohamed Bouchiha); Unionist Democratic Union or UDU
(Ahmed Inoubli); Progressive Democratic Party or PDP (Maya
Jribi); Green Party for Progress or PVP (Mongi Khamassi).
Political pressure groups and leaders: Authorized--Tunisian
Human Rights League or LTDH (Mokhtar Trifi); Tunisian
Association of Democratic Women or ATFD (Sana Ben Achour);
Tunisian Bar Association (Abderrazak Kilani); National
Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists or SNJT (Jamal Kermaoui);
General Union of Tunisian Students (Ezzedine Zaatour).
Unauthorized--An-Nahdha (Renaissance) the Islamic
fundamentalist party (Rached El Ghanouchi, in exile);
National Council for Liberties in Tunisia or CNLT (Sihem Ben
Sedrine); Freedom and Equity (Mohamed Nouri); Movement of 18
October (Nejib Chebbi, Hamma Hammami, et. al) Congress for
the Republic or CPR (Moncef Marzouki); Tunisian Communist
Labor Party or POCT (Hamma Hammami); Green Party or Green
Tunisia (Abdelkader Zitouni); International Association for
the Support of Political Prisoners or AISPP (Samir Dilou);
Association Against Torture in Tunisia or ALTT (Radia
Administrative divisions: 24 governorates--Ariana, Beja, Ben
Arous, Bizerte, El Kef, Gabes, Gafsa, Jendouba, Kairouan,
Kasserine, Kebili, Mahdia, Manouba, Medenine, Monastir,
Nabeul, Sfax, Sidi Bou Zid, Siliana, Sousse, Tataouine,
Tozeur, Tunis, Zaghouan.
Suffrage: Universal at 18. (Active duty members of the
military and internal security forces cannot vote.)
Map of Tunisia
This Map of Tunisia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Tunis the capital of Tunisia.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Tunisia
The Official Name of Tunisia is the Tunisian Republic. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Tunisia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Tunisian(s).
Population (2010): 10,486,339.
Annual population growth rate (2008): 1.2%. Birth rate--17.7
births/1,000 population. Death rate--5.8 deaths/1,000
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, other 1%.
Religions: Muslim 99%, Christian less than 1%, Jewish less
Languages: Arabic (official), French.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy (definition--age 15
and over can read and write, 2007 est.)--74.3%.
Health (2010): Infant mortality rate--22.57 deaths/1,000 live
births. Life expectancy--75.78 total, 73.98 years male, 77.7
Work force (2009): 3.689 million.
Unemployment rate (2009): 13.3%.
If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking