Countries of the World:
Resources about Uganda including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Uganda
GDP (nominal, 2008/2009): $14.5 billion.
Inflation rate (annual headline or CPI, 2007/2008): 7%.
Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, limestone, phosphate, oil.
Agriculture: Cash crops--coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, sugar
cane, cut flowers, vanilla. Food crops--bananas, corn,
cassava, potatoes, millet, pulses. Livestock and fisheries--
beef, goat meat, milk, Nile perch, tilapia.
Industry: Processing of agricultural products (cotton ginning,
coffee curing), cement production, light consumer goods,
Trade: Exports (2008 est.)--$1.72 billion: coffee, fish and
fish products, tea, electricity, horticultural products,
vanilla, cut flowers, remittances from abroad. Major markets--
EU, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Rwanda,
U.K. Imports (2008 est.)--$4.5 billion: capital equipment,
vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies, metals, cereals. Major
suppliers--U.A.E., Kenya, EU, India, South Africa, China, U.S.
Fiscal year: July 1-June 30.
Geography of Uganda
Area: 241,040 sq. km. (93,070 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Kampala (2002 pop. 1.2 million). Other
cities--Jinja, Gulu, Mbale, Mbarara.
Terrain: 18% inland water and swamp; 12% national parks,
forest, and game reserves; 70% forest, woodland, grassland.
Climate: In the northeast, semi-arid--rainfall less than 50
cm. (20 in.); in southwest, rainfall 130 cm. (50 in.) or more.
Two dry seasons: Dec.-Feb. and June-July.
Government of Uganda
Constitution: Ratified July 12, 1995; promulgated October 8,
Independence: October 9, 1962.
Branches: Executive--president, vice president, prime
minister, cabinet. Legislative--parliament. Judicial--
Magistrate's Court, High Court, Court of Appeals, Supreme
Administrative subdivisions: 80 districts.
Political parties: In 2006, approximately 33 parties were
allowed to function, including political parties that existed
in 1986, when the National Resistance Movement assumed power.
Suffrage: Universal adult.
National holiday: Independence Day, October 9.
Map of Uganda
This Map of Uganda shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Kampala the capital of Uganda.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Uganda
The Official Name of Uganda is the Republic of Uganda. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Uganda
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Ugandan(s).
Population (2007): 30.9 million.
Annual growth rate (2008 est.): 3.3%.
Ethnic groups: Baganda, Banyankole, Bahima, Bakiga,
Banyarwanda, Bunyoro, Batoro, Langi, Acholi, Lugbara,
Karamojong, Basoga, Bagisu, and others.
Religions (2007): Christian 85%, Muslim 12%, other 2%.
Languages: English (official); Luganda and numerous other
local languages. Swahili is generally spoken only among the
Education: Attendance (2008; primary school completion rate)--
54%. Literacy (2003)--70%.
Health (2008 est.): Infant mortality rate--78/1,000. Life
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