Countries of the World:
Resources about Algeria including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Algeria
GDP (2008): $159.7 billion.
GDP growth rate (2009 est.): 3.5%.
Per capita GDP (2008 est.): $6,900.
Agriculture: Products--wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives,
citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.
Industry: Types--petroleum, natural gas, light industries,
mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing,
pharmaceuticals, cement, seawater desalination.
Sector information as % GDP (2008 est.): Agriculture 8.1%,
services 29.4%, industry 62.5%.
Monetary unit: Algerian dinar.
Inflation (2008 est.): 4.4%.
Trade: Exports (2008)--$78.23 billion: petroleum, natural
gas, and petroleum products 97.58%. Partners (2008 est.)--
U.S. 23.9%, Italy 15.5%, Spain 11.4%, France 8%, Netherlands
7.8%, Canada 6.8%. Imports (2008)--$39.16 billion: capital
goods, food and beverages, consumer goods. Partners (2008)--
France 16.5%, Italy 11%, China 10.3%, Spain 7.4%, Germany
6.1%, U.S. 5.5%.
Budget (2008): Revenues--$70.06 billion, expenditures--
$56.04 billion. (2008 est.)
Debt (external, December 31, 2008): $3.753 billion.
U.S. economic assistance (2005 est.): $1.70 million
(Development Assistance (DA); International Military
Education and Training (IMET); Nonproliferation, Anti-
Terrorism, Demining and Related Programs (NADR)).
Geography of Algeria
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea,
between Morocco and Tunisia.
Area: Total--2,381,740 sq. km. Land--2,381,740 sq. km.; water-
-0 sq. km. More than three times the size of Texas.
Cities: Capital--Algiers; Oran, Constantine, Annaba.
Terrain: Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains;
narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. Mountainous areas subject
to severe earthquakes, mud slides.
Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry
summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers
on high plateau; a hot, dust/sand-laden wind called sirocco is
especially common in summer.
Land use: Arable land--3%; permanent crops--0%, permanent
pastures--13%; forests and woodland--2%.
Government of Algeria
Independence: July 5, 1962 (from France).
Constitution: September 8, 1963; revised November 19, 1976,
November 3, 1988, February 23, 1989, November 28, 1996,
April 10, 2002, and November 12, 2008.
Legal system: Based on French and Islamic law; judicial
review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council
composed of various public officials, including several
Supreme Court justices; Algeria has not accepted compulsory
International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
Administrative divisions: 48 provinces (wilayat; singular,
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal.
National holiday: Independence Day, July 5, 1962; Revolution
Day, November 1, 1954.
Major parties represented in parliament: National Liberation
Front (FLN), National Democratic Rally (RND), Movement of
Society for Peace (MSP), Workers' Party (PT), Algerian
National Front (FNA), Movement for National Reform (MRN),
Islamic Renaissance Movement (MNI), Party of Algerian
Renewal (PRA), Movement of National Understanding (MEN).
Map of Algeria
This Map of Algeria shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Algiers the capital of Algeria
(Maps from the U.S. State Department).
Official Name of Algeria
The Official Name of Algeria is People's Democratic Republic
of Algeria. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Algeria
Nationality: Noun--Algerian(s); adjective--Algerian.
Population (July 2009 official government est.): 34,178,188.
Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 1.196%. Birth rate (2009
est.)--16.9 births/1,000 population; death rate (2009 est.)--
4.64 deaths/1,000 population.
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%.
Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber (national language),
Education: Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write)--
total population 69.9% (2004 est.); female 60.1% (2004 est.);
Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--27.73 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy at birth--total population 74.02
years; male 72.35 years; female 75.77 years.
Work force (2008): 9.464 million.
Unemployment rate (2009 est.): 27%; Algerian Government
estimate 11.8% in February 2009.
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