Countries of the World:
Resources about Yemen including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Yemen
GDP (2007 est.) $22.5 billion.
Per capital GDP (2006 est.): $870.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish and seafood, rock
salt, minor deposits of coal and copper.
Agriculture (est. 12.5% of GDP): Products--qat (a shrub
containing a natural amphetamine), coffee, cotton, fruits,
vegetables, cereals, livestock and poultry. Arable land
Industry (est. 42.8% of GDP): Types--petroleum refining,
mining, wholesale and retail trade, transportation,
manufacturing, and construction.
Services (est. 43.7% of GDP).
Trade: Exports (2007)--$7.0 billion: crude petroleum,
liquefied natural gas, refined oil products, seafood,
fruits, vegetables, hides, tobacco products. Major markets--
China, Thailand, India, South Korea, United States,
Switzerland. Imports (2006)--$5 billion: petroleum products,
cereals, feed grains, foodstuffs, machinery, transportation
equipment, iron, sugar, honey. Major suppliers--United Arab
Emirates, China, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, Kuwait.
Exchange rate (2009): Market rate 210 rials per U.S. $1. The
Yemeni rial (YR) floats freely based on an average of
foreign currencies. Since the floating of the YR, the market
usually reflects the official rate of exchange.
Geography of Yemen
Area: 527,970 sq. km. (203,796 sq. mi.); about the size of
California and Pennsylvania combined.
Cities: Capital--Sanaa. Other cities--Aden, Taiz, Hodeida, and
Terrain: Mountainous interior bordered by desert with a flat
and sandy coastal plain.
Climate: Temperate in the mountainous regions in the western
part of the country, extremely hot with minimal rainfall in
the remainder of the country. Humid on the coast.
Government of Yemen
Type: Republic; unification (of former south and north Yemen):
May 22, 1990.
Constitution: Adopted May 21, 1990 and ratified May 1991.
Branches: Executive--president, and prime minister with
cabinet. Legislative--bicameral legislature with 111-seat
Shura Council and 301-seat House of Representatives. Judicial-
-the constitution calls for an independent judiciary. The
former northern and southern legal codes have been unified.
The legal system includes separate commercial courts and a
Supreme Court based in Sanaa.
Administrative subdivisions: 22 governorates subdivided into
Main political parties: General People's Congress (GPC), Islah
Party, Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP).
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
National holiday: May 22 (Unity Day).
Map of Yemen
This Map of Yemen shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Sanaa the capital of Yemen. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Yemen
The Official Name of Yemen is the Republic of Yemen. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Yemen
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Yemeni(s).
Population (July 2007 est.): 22,230,531.
Annual population growth rate: 3%.
Ethnic group: Predominantly Arab.
Religions: Islam including Shaf’i (Sunni), Zaydi (Shia), and a
small but growing number of Salafi (Sunni). Additionally,
there are a small number of Jews, Christians, and Hindus.
Education: Attendance (2004 est.)--80% for boys at the primary
level and 50% for girls. Attendance was 55% for boys at the
secondary level and 22% for girls. Literacy (2004 est.)--50%
overall, including 70% of males, 30% of females.
Health: Infant mortality rate--75/1,000 live births. Life
Work force (by sector): Agriculture--53%; public services--
17%; manufacturing--4%; construction--7%; percentage of total
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