Countries of the World:
Resources about Zimbabwe including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Zimbabwe
GDP (2009 IMF est.): U.S. $4.4 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2009 IMF est.): 4.01%.
GDP per capita (2009 IMF est., U.S. dollars, current
Avg. inflation rate (2009 IMF estimate): 8.9%.
Natural resources: Deposits of more than 40 minerals
including diamonds, ferrochrome, gold, silver, platinum,
copper, asbestos, nickel, graphite, coal, lithium,
palladium, vermiculite; 19 million hectares of forest
Agriculture (19% of GDP): Types of crops and livestock--
corn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, coffee, tea, sugarcane,
peanuts, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs.
Industry (24% of GDP): Manufacturing, public administration,
commerce, mining, transport and communication.
Trade (2009): U.S. exports--U.S. $85.5 million. U.S.
imports--U.S. $22.1 million. Partners (2008 est.)--South
Africa 32%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 10%, Botswana
9%, China 6%, Zambia 5%, U.S. 4%. Total imports (2009)--U.S.
$2.03 billion: most of these imports were food, machinery,
fertilizers, and general manufactured products. Major
suppliers--South Africa 60%, China 4%, Botswana 4%.
Geography of Zimbabwe
Area: 390,580 sq. km. (150,760 sq. mi.), slightly larger than
Cities: Capital--Harare (pronounced Ha-RAR-e), pop. 1.5
million. Other towns--Bulawayo, Chitungwiza, Mutare, Gweru,
Kwekwe, Masvingo, Marondera.
Terrain: Desert and savanna.
Climate: Mostly subtropical.
Government of Zimbabwe
Constitution: December 21, 1979.
Independence: April 18, 1980.
Branches: Executive--President (head of state and head of
government), Prime Minister (co-head of government), Cabinet.
Legislative--bicameral (House of Assembly and Senate).
Judicial--Supreme Court, High Court, Magistrates Courts, Labor
Court, customary courts.
Administrative subdivisions: Town Councils and District
Main political parties: Zimbabwe African National Union-
Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF); Movement for Democratic Change -
Tsvangirai (MDC-T); Movement for Democratic Change - Mutambara
(MDC-M); Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU).
Map of Zimbabwe
This Map of Zimbabwe shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Harare the capital of
Zimbabwe. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Zimbabwe
The Official Name of Zimbabwe is the Republic of Zimbabwe.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Zimbabwe
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Zimbabwean (sing.),
Population: 11.39 million.
Annual population growth rate (2005-2010 UN est.): 0.3%.
(Note: the population growth rate is depressed by an HIV/AIDS
adult prevalence rate estimated to be 15.3% and a high level
Ethnic groups: Shona 71%, Ndebele 16%, other African 11%,
white 1%, mixed and Asian 1%.
Religions: Christianity 75%, offshoot Christian sects,
animist, and Muslim.
Languages: English (official), Shona, Ndebele.
Education: Attendance--mandatory for primary level. Adult
literacy--91% (2008 UNICEF est.).
Health: Infant mortality rate--62/1,000 (2008 est.). Life
expectancy--44 years (2008 UNICEF est.).
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