Countries of the World:
Resources about Angola including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Angola
GDP (2008 est.): $84 billion.
Annual real GDP growth rate (2008 est.): 16.4%.
Per capita GDP (2007): $4,941.
Avg. inflation rate (2008): 13.2%.
Natural resources: Petroleum, diamonds, iron ore,
phosphates, bauxite, uranium, gold, granite, copper,
Agriculture: Products--bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal,
corn, cotton, manioc, tobacco, vegetables, plantains;
livestock; forest products; fisheries products.
Industry: Types--petroleum drilling and refining, mining,
cement, fish processing, food processing, brewing, tobacco
products, sugar, textiles, ship repair.
Trade: Exports (2008 est.)--$59 billion. Consisting of crude
oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee,
sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton. Major markets
(2006)--U.S. (38.1%), China (34.2%), Taiwan (5.8%), France
(4.9%), Chile (4.1%). Imports (2008 est.)--$14 billion:
machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare
parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods. Major
sources (2006)--U.S. (15.3%), Portugal (15%), South Korea
(10.1%), China (8.8%), Brazil (8.2%), South Africa (6.7%),
Geography of Angola
Area: 1,246,700 sq. km. (481,400 sq. mi), about twice the size
Cities: Capital--Luanda (est. pop. 5.0 million); Huambo
(750,000); Benguela (600,000).
Terrain: A narrow, dry coastal strip extending from the far
north (Luanda) to Namibia in the south; well watered
agricultural highlands; savanna in the far east and south; and
rain forest in the north and the enclave of Cabinda.
Climate: Tropical and tropical highland.
Government of Angola
Independence: November 11, 1975.
Branches: Executive--elected president (chief of state), vice
president, 3 ministers of state through whom other ministers
are expected to report, 28 ministers, 21 secretaries of state,
and 34 deputy ministers. Legislative--elected National
Assembly (223 seats, of which 3 are reserved for Angolans out
of the country and remain vacant). Judicial--Supreme Court,
Administrative subdivisions: Province (18), municipality
Political parties: 78 with legal status; in 2008, 5 won seats
in the National Assembly. Ruling party--Popular Movement for
the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). Opposition--National Union
for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), Social Renewal
Party (PRS), National Front for the Liberation of Angola
(FNLA), and the coalition New Democracy (ND).
Suffrage: Universal age 18 and over; voting not compulsory.
Map of Angola
This Map of Angola shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and
cities including Luanda the capital of Angola. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Angola
The Official Name of Angola is Republic of Angola. (Facts from
the U.S. State Department)
People of Angola
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Angolan(s).
Population (2008 est.): 17,000,000.
Annual population growth rate (2004): 2.8%.
Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed
racial 2%, European 1%.
Religions (2001 official est.): Roman Catholic 68%, various
Protestant 20%, indigenous beliefs 12%.
Languages: Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo,
Education: Years compulsory--8. Enrollment (combined gross
enrollment for primary, secondary, and tertiary schools, 2004
est.)--26%. Literacy (total population over 15 that can read
and write, 2004 est.)--67.4% (female 54.2%, male 82.9%).
Health: Life expectancy (2004 est.)--total population 42
years. Infant mortality rate (2007 est.)--116/1,000. Under-
five mortality (2007 est.)--158/1,000.
Work force (2006 est. 7.7 million): Agriculture 26%,
unemployed 27%, percentages in commerce, industry, services
and informal sector undetermined.
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