Countries of the World:
Resources about Argentina including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Argentina
GDP (2009): $306.7 billion.
Annual real growth rate (2009 est.): +0.9%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $7,472.
Natural resources: Fertile plains (pampas); minerals--lead,
zinc, tin, copper, iron, manganese, oil, and uranium.
Agriculture (7% of GDP; including agribusiness, about 58% of
exports by value): Products--oilseeds and by-products, grains,
Industry (32% of GDP): Types--food processing, oil refining,
machinery and equipment, textiles, chemicals and
Trade: Exports ($55.5 billion)--oilseed by-products, vegetable
oils, cars, fuels, grains. Major markets--MERCOSUR 25%; EU
19%; NAFTA 9%. Imports ($38.8 billion)--machinery, vehicles
and transport products, chemicals. Major suppliers--MERCOSUR
33%; EU 17%, NAFTA 17%. Imported goods from the United States
totaled approx. 13.2% of Argentine imported goods.
Geography of Argentina
Area: 2.8 million sq. km. (1.1 million sq. mi.); about the
size of the U.S. east of the Mississippi River; second-largest
country in South America.
Climate: Varied; predominantly temperate, with extremes
ranging from subtropical in the north to arid/sub-Antarctic in
Government of Argentina
Constitution: 1853; revised 1994.
Branches: Executive--president, vice president, cabinet.
Legislative--bicameral Congress (72-member Senate, 257-member
Chamber of Deputies). Judicial--Supreme Court, federal and
provincial trial courts.
Administrative subdivisions: 23 provinces and one autonomous
district (Federal Capital).
Political parties: Justicialist (Peronist), Radical Civic
Union (UCR), numerous smaller national and provincial parties.
Suffrage: Compulsory for adults aged 18-70; optional for those
Map of Argentina
This Map of Argentina shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Buenos Aires the capital
of Argentina. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Argentina
The Official Name of Argentina is Argentine Republic.(Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Argentina
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Argentine(s).
Population (2010 est.): 41.029 million.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 1.053%.
Ethnic groups: European 97%, mostly of Spanish and Italian
descent; mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 92%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, other
Education: Compulsory until age 18. Adult literacy (2001)--
Health: Infant mortality rate--11.44/1,000. Life expectancy
(2010 est.)--76.76 yrs.
Work force: Industry and commerce--35.8%; agriculture--9.5%;
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