Countries of the World:
Resources about Armenia including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Armenia
GDP: $8.71 billion.
GDP growth rate (CIA World Factbook, 2009): -14.4%.
Per capita GDP PPP (World Economic Outlook, 2009 est.):
Inflation (CIA World Factbook, 2009): 3.4%.
Natural resources: Copper, molybdenum, zinc, gold, silver,
lead, marble, granite, mineral spring water.
Agriculture: Products--fruits and vegetables, wines, dairy,
Industry: Types--diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine
tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires,
knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals,
trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry
manufacturing, software development, food processing,
Trade: Exports--$698 million: pig iron, unwrought copper,
nonferrous metals, diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs,
energy. Export partners (2009)--Germany 16.5%, Russia 15.4%,
U.S. 9.6%, Bulgaria 8.6%, Georgia 7.6%, Netherlands 7.5%.
Imports (2009)--$3.3 billion: natural gas, petroleum,
tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds. Import partners
(2009)--Russia 16%, U.A.E. 8.8%, Ukraine 5.6%, Turkey 4.8%,
Georgia 4.6%, Iran 4.4%.
Geography of Armenia
Area: 29,800 sq. km. (11,500 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Terrain: High plateau with mountains, little forest land.
Climate: Highland continental, hot summers, cold winters.
Government of Armenia
Constitution: Approved in July 1995 referendum, amended in
Independence: 1918 (First Armenian Republic); 1991 (from
Branches: Executive--president (head of state) with wider
powers relative to other branches, prime minister (head of
the ministerial cabinet). Legislative--unicameral National
Assembly (parliament). Judicial--Constitutional Court
(constitutional matters exclusively); Court of Cassation,
Appeals Courts (Civil and Criminal), Courts of First
Administrative subdivisions: 10 marzes (regions) and capital
Yerevan (status of community since 2008).
Political parties represented in the National Assembly:
Republican Party of Armenia, Prosperous Armenia, Armenian
Revolutionary Federation (ARF) Dashnaktsutyun, Rule of Law
(Orinats Yerkir), and the Heritage Party. Other political
parties and movements include: Armenian National Congress,
People's Party of Armenia, National Accord Party, Republic
Party, New Times Party, United Labor Party, Dashink Party,
National Democratic Union, Armenian National Movement, and
dozens of other registered parties, many of which become
active only during national campaigns, if at all.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Armenia
This Map of Armenia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Yerevan the capital of
Armenia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Armenia
The Official Name of Armenia is the Republic of Armenia.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Armenia
Nationality: Noun--Armenian(s). Adjective--Armenian.
Population: Estimates range from 2,967,004 (CIA World
Factbook, July 2009 est.) to 3,235,000 (Armenia National
Statistical Service, October 1, 2008 est.).
Ethnic groups: Armenian 97.9%; Yezidi 1.3%; Russian, Greek,
and other 0.8%.
Religion: Armenian Apostolic Church (more than 90% nominally
Languages: Armenian (96%), Russian, other.
Health: Infant mortality rate--20.21/1,000. Life expectancy--
Work force (1.481 million; 7.1% unemployed): Industry and
construction--15.6%; agriculture and forestry--46.2%;
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