Countries of the World:
Resources about Austria including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Austria
GDP (2009): $381.2 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2009): -3.9%.
Per capita income (2009): $45,500.
Natural resources: Iron ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber,
tungsten, magnesite, lignite, cement.
Agriculture (1.5% of 2009 GDP): Products--livestock, forest
products, grains, sugarbeets, potatoes.
Industry (29.5% of 2009 GDP): Types--iron and steel,
chemicals, capital equipment, consumer goods.
Services: 69.0% of 2009 GDP.
Trade (2009): Exports--$130.3 billion: iron and steel
products, timber, paper, textiles, electrotechnical machinery,
chemical products, foodstuffs. Imports--$135.6 billion:
machinery, vehicles, chemicals, iron and steel, metal goods,
fuels, raw materials, foodstuffs. Principal trade partners--
European Union, Switzerland, U.S., and China.
Geography of Austria
Area: 83,857 sq. km. (32,377 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than
Cities: Capital--Vienna (2007 pop. 1.68 million). Other
cities--Graz, Linz, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt.
Terrain: Alpine (64%), northern highlands that form part of
the Bohemian Massif (10%), lowlands to the east (26%).
Climate: Continental temperate.
Government of Austria
Type: Federal parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated May 1, 1945).
Branches: Executive--federal president (chief of state),
chancellor (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--
bicameral Federal Assembly (Parliament). Judicial--
Constitutional Court, Administrative Court, Supreme Court.
Political parties: Social Democratic Party, People's Party,
Freedom Party, Greens, Alliance-Future-Austria.
Suffrage: Universal over 16 (reduced from 18 in 2007).
Administrative subdivisions: Nine Bundeslaender (federal
Defense (2010 projected): 0.75% of GDP.
Map of Austria
This Map of Austria shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Vienna the capital of Austria.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Austria
The Official Name of Austria is the Republic of Austria.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Austria
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Austrian(s).
Population (2007): 8,332,000.
Annual population growth rate (2007): 0.4%.
Ethnic groups: Germans, Turks, Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, and
Bosnians; other recognized minorities include Hungarians,
Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma.
Religions (2001 census): Roman Catholic 73.6%, Lutheran 4.7%,
Muslim 4.2%, other 5.5%, no confession 12.0%.
Language: German about 90%.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--99%. Literacy--
Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--3.6 deaths/1,000. Life
expectancy--men 77.4 years, women 82.9 years.
Work force (2007, 4.2 million): Services--67%; agriculture and
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