Countries of the World:
Resources about Bahrain including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Bahrain
GDP (2007 est.): $18.44 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2007 est.): 6.7%.
Per capita GDP (2007 est.): $17,615.
Natural resources: Oil, aluminum, textiles, natural gas, fish,
Agriculture (less than 1% of GDP): Products--fruit,
vegetables, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, fish.
Industry: Types--oil and gas (13.1% of GDP), manufacturing
(12.4% of GDP), aluminum.
Services: Finance (24.2% of GDP), transport and communications
(8.9% of GDP), real estate (9.2% of GDP); government services
(14.8% of GDP).
Trade (2006 est.): Exports--$12.62 billion: oil and other
mineral products, aluminum, textiles. Major markets-- Saudi
Arabia (3.2%), U.S. (3%), Japan (2.3%). Imports--$9.04
billion: crude oil, machinery and appliances, transport
equipment, foodstuffs. Major suppliers--Saudi Arabia (37.3%),
Japan (6.8%), U.S. (6.2%), U.K. (6.2%), Germany (5%), U.A.E.
Geography of Bahrain
Area: 727 sq. km. (274 sq. mi.); approximately four times the
size of Washington, DC. Bahrain is an archipelago of 36
islands located off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia. The
four main islands are joined by causeways, and make up about
95% of the total land area.
Cities: Capital--Manama, pop. (2002 est.) 148,000. Other
Terrain: Low desert plain (highest elevation point--122 m).
Climate: Hot and humid from May-September, with average highs
ranging from 30o-40o C (86o-104o F). Maximum temperatures
average 20o-30o C (68o-86o F) the remainder of the year.
Government of Bahrain
Type: Constitutional hereditary monarchy.
Independence: August 15, 1971 (from the United Kingdom).
Constitution: Approved and promulgated May 26, 1973;
suspended on August 26, 1975; the National Action Charter
was approved by a national popular referendum on February
14-15, 2001, and a new constitution was issued on February
Branches: Executive--King (chief of state); Prime Minister
(head of government); Council of Ministers (cabinet) is
appointed by the King and headed by the Prime Minister.
Legislative--The bicameral parliament (al-Majlis al-Watani)
consists of a 40-member elected Council of Representatives
(elected in December 2006; next election scheduled for 2010)
and a 40-member Shura (Consultative) Council appointed by
the King. Members of both chambers serve four-year terms.
Judicial--High Civil Appeals Court. The judiciary is
independent with right of judicial review.
Administrative subdivisions: 12 municipalities (manatiq): Al
Hidd, Al Manamah, Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al
Wusta, Al Mintaqah ash Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa' wa
al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Jidd Hafs, Madinat Hamad, Madinat
'Isa, Juzur Hawar, Sitrah.
Political societies represented in parliament: al Wifaq, al
Asala, al Minbar, al Mustaqbil.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.
Map of Bahrain
This Map of Bahrain shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Manama the capital of Bahrain.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Bahrain
The Official Name of Bahrain is the Kingdom of Bahrain. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Bahrain
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bahraini(s).
Population (January 2008 est.): 1,046,814, including about
Annual growth rate (2008 est.): 3.6%.
Ethnic groups: Bahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%,
Religions: 98% Muslim (approximately Shi'a 70%, Sunni 30%),
with small Christian, Jewish, Baha’i, and Hindu communities.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Farsi, and Urdu are
also widely spoken.
Education: Education is not compulsory, but is provided free
to Bahrainis and non-nationals at all levels, including higher
education. Estimated net primary school attendance (1991-
2001)--84%. Adult literacy, age 15 and over (2003 est.)--89.1%
for the overall population (male 91.9%, female 85%).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2007 est.)--16.18 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy--72 yrs. males, 77 yrs. females.
Work force (2006 est.): 352,000 of which 44% are foreigners.
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