Countries of the World:
Resources about Bangladesh including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Bangladesh
Fiscal year: July 1 to June 30.
Annual GDP growth rate (FY 2008): 6.2%; (FY 2008 World Bank
est.): below 6%.
Current GDP (2008 est.): $84.2 billion (official); $226.4
Per capita GDP (2008 est.): $554 (official); $1,500 (PPP).
Inflation (December 2008): 6.03% (point to point basis) and
8.9% (monthly average basis).
Exchange rate: Dec. 2009: U.S. $1=69.03 BDT; 2008: U.S.
$1=68.55 BDT; 2007: U.S. $1=69.89 BDT.
Annual budget (2008 est.): $12.54 billion.
Natural resources: Natural gas, fertile soil, water.
Agriculture (19.1% of GDP): Products--rice, jute, tea,
Industry (manufacturing; 28.6% of GDP): Types--garments and
knitwear, jute goods, frozen fish and seafood, textiles,
fertilizer, sugar, tea, leather, ship-breaking for scrap,
pharmaceuticals, ceramic tableware, newsprint.
Trade: Total imports (FY 2008)--$21.6 billion: capital
goods, food grains, petroleum, textiles, chemicals,
vegetable oils. Growth rate over previous fiscal year:
25.95%. Total exports (FY 2008)--$14.11 billion: garments
and knitwear, frozen fish, jute and jute goods, leather and
leather products, tea, urea fertilizer, ceramic tableware.
Growth rate over previous fiscal year: 16.04%. Exports to
U.S. (Jan.-Dec. 2008)--$3.74 billion. Imports from U.S.
(Jan.-Dec. 2008)--$468.1 million.
Geography of Bangladesh
Area: 147, 570 sq. km. (55,813 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Dhaka (pop. 10 million). Other cities--
Chittagong (2.8 million), Khulna (1.8 million), Rajshahi (1
Terrain: Mainly flat alluvial plain, with hills in the
northeast and southeast.
Climate: Semitropical, monsoonal.
Government of Bangladesh
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 1971 (from Pakistan).
Constitution: 1972; amended 1974, 1979, 1986, 1988, 1991,
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--
unicameral Parliament (345 members). Judicial--civil court
system based on British model.
Administrative subdivisions: Divisions, districts,
subdistricts, unions, villages.
Political parties: 30-40 active political parties. Largest
ones include Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), the Awami
League (AL), the Jatiya Party, and the Jamaat-e-Islami Party.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.
Map of Bangladesh
This Map of Bangladesh shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Dhaka the capital of
Bangladesh. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Bangladesh
The Official Name of Bangladesh is People's Republic of
Bangladesh. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Bangladesh
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bangladeshi(s).
Population (July 2009 CIA est.): 156 million.
Annual population growth rate (July 2009 CIA est.): 1.29%.
Ethnic groups (1998, CIA): Bengali 98%, other 2% (including
tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims).
Religions (1998, CIA): Muslim 83%; Hindu 16%; Christian 0.3%,
Buddhist 0.6%, others 0.3%.
Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English.
Education: Attendance--61%. Adult literacy rate--47.5%. (UNDP
Human Development Index 2007/2008)
Health (CIA World Factbook): Infant mortality rate (below 1)--
59/1,000. Life expectancy-- 60.25 years.
Work force (70.86 million): Agriculture, forestry, and
fisheries--63%; manufacturing--11%; mining and quarrying--
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