Countries of the World:
Resources about Barbados including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Barbados
GDP (2008): $3.682 billion.
GDP growth rate (2008): 0.7%.
Per capita GDP (2008 est.): $19,100.
Inflation (2007): 5.5%.
Natural resources: Petroleum, fish, quarrying, natural gas.
Agriculture: Sugar accounts for less than 1% of GDP and 80% of
Manufacturing and construction: Food, beverages,
infrastructure, electronic components, textiles, paper,
Services: Tourism, banking and other financial services, and
Trade (2005): Exports--$359 million (merchandise) and $1.41
billion (commercial services). Major markets--United States
(13.4%), European Union (12.4%), Trinidad and Tobago (10.8%),
St. Lucia (6.1%), and Jamaica (5%). Imports--$1.6 billion
(merchandise) and $636 million (commercial services). Major
suppliers--United States (35.9%), Trinidad and Tobago (21.2%),
European Union (13.3%), Japan (7.6%), and Canada (3.4%).
Official exchange rate: BDS$2 = U.S. $1.
Geography of Barbados
Area: 431 sq. km. (166 sq. mi.); about three times the size of
Terrain: Generally flat, hilly in the interior.
Government of Barbados
Type: Parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state
within the Commonwealth.
Independence: November 30, 1966.
Branches: Executive--governor general (representing Queen
Elizabeth II, head of state), prime minister (head of
government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral Parliament.
Judicial--magistrate's courts, Supreme Court (High Court and
Court of Appeals), Caribbean Court of Justice in Trinidad and
Subdivisions: Eleven parishes and the city of Bridgetown.
Political parties: Barbados Labour Party (BLP), Democratic
Labour Party (DLP), People's Empowerment Party (PEP).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Barbados
This Map of Barbados shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Bridgetown the capital of
Barbados. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Barbados
The Official Name of Barbados is Barbados. (Facts from the
U.S. State Department)
People of Barbados
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Barbadian(s); informally
Population (2008 estimate): 281,698.
Annual population growth rate (2005): 0.3%.
Ethnic groups: Predominantly of African descent 90%, white 4%,
Asian or mixed 6%.
Religions: Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%,
Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%, none 17%, other
Education (2005): Adult literacy--99.7%.
Health (2005): Infant mortality rate--11.0/1,000. Life
expectancy--men 70.8 years; women 74.8 years.
Work force (2006): 142,000 (tourism, government,
manufacturing, construction, mining, agriculture, fishing).
Unemployment (2009): 10%.
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