Countries of the World:
Resources about Belarus including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Belarus
GDP (purchasing power parity): $116 billion (2009 est.);
$116.2 billion (2008 est.).
GDP growth rate (2009 est.): -0.2%.
Per capita GDP (PPP): $11,600 (2009 est.); $12,000 (2008
Natural resources: Forest land, peat deposits, potash, small
amounts of oil and natural gas.
Agriculture: Products--grain, potatoes, vegetables, flax,
Industry: Types--machinery and transport equipment, chemical
products, fabrics, and consumer goods.
Trade (2009): Exports--$ 24.8 billion (refined petroleum,
potash fertilizers, machinery and transport equipment,
chemicals, foodstuffs, metals, and textiles). Major markets-
-Russia, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Great Britain,
Ukraine, and Latvia. Imports--$30.4 billion (mineral
products, machinery and equipment, metals, crude oil and
natural gas, chemicals, foodstuffs). Major suppliers--
Russia, Germany, Ukraine, Poland, Italy, Lithuania, China.
Exchange rate (May 2010): 3,000 BYR (Belarusian rubles) =
Geography of Belarus
Area: 207,600 sq. km. (80,100 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than
Terrain: Landlocked, low-lying with thick forests, flat
marshes and fields.
Climate: Cold winters, cool and moist summers, transitional
between continental and maritime.
Government of Belarus
Constitution: March 30, 1994; revision by unrecognized
national referendum of November 24, 1996, gave presidency
greatly expanded powers and became effective November 27,
Independence: 1991 (from Soviet Union).
Branches: Executive--President (head of state), Prime
Minister (head of government), Council of Ministers
(cabinet). Legislative--bicameral: the House of
Representatives (110 deputies) and the Council of the
Republic (64 deputies). Judicial--Supreme Court and the
Administrative subdivisions: Six oblasts (regions) and one
Political parties: Belarus has 15 registered political
parties, including: Agrarian Party (AP); Belarusian
Communist Party (KPB); Green Party Belarusian Social and
Sports Party; Belarusian Patriotic Movement (BPR);
Belarusian Popular Front (BNF); Belarusian Social-Democrat
Party (BSDP); Social-Democratic Hramada Party; Conservative
Christian Party-BNF; United Civic Party (UCP); Liberal
Democratic Party of Belarus (LDBP); Party of Communists
Belarusian (PKB); Party of Popular Accord; Republican Party
of Labor and Justice (RPPS); Social Democratic Party of
Popular Accord (PPA);Several of these parties exist in name
only. Other, unregistered parties are also active, such as:
Belarusian Christian Democracy, Belarusian Party of Labor,
Women's Party Nadezhda, Christian Conservative Party, and
Party of Freedom and Progress.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.
Map of Belarus
This Map of Belarus shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers,
and cities including Minsk the capital of Belarus. (Maps from the U.S.
Official Name of Belarus
The Official Name of Belarus is Republic of Belarus. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Belarus
Nationality: Noun--Belarusian(s). Adjective--Belarusian.
Population (July 2009 est.): 9,648,533 (urban 73%; rural 27%).
Population decline (2009 est.): -0.378%.
Ethnic groups (1999 census): Belarusian (81.2%), Russian
(11.4%), Polish (3.9%), Ukrainian (2.4%), Jewish (0.3%), other
Religions (2004 est.): Eastern Orthodox 80%, Catholic 14%,
Protestant 2%, other (including Autocephalous Orthodox,
Jewish, Muslim, and Krishna) 4%.
Languages: Belarusian and Russian (official).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--6.43/1,000. Life
expectancy (2009 est.)--70.63 years (men 64.95 years, women
Work force (4.3 million as of December 31, 2005): Industry--
34.7%; agriculture and forestry--14%; construction--7.9%;
transportation, communications--7.6%; trade, catering--12.2%;
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